Calligraphy should be reached to the artistic state from the technical level. Not only profound cultivation but noble accomplishments can make a calligrapher transpire illustrious human spirits and the beauty of life in the words. Wen, Cheng-ming (文徵明) is a famous calligrapher who possesses the above specialities. The state of political disillusionment created a chance for him to find the approach to art. Soundly and regularly handed down by previous masters, achieved mastery through a comprehensive study of subject, received the disciples broadly and finally influenced posterity a lot.
I search and collect various kinds of bibliographies and works to textual criticize, appreciate and imitate to write down Chapter 1: ‘Introduction’. We need to know Wen, Cheng-ming in detail to understand his artistic achievements as well as the formation of his calligraphic style. So I write down Chapter 2: ‘A critical biography of Wen Cheng-ming’ (〈文徵明評傳〉) .
A large number of rubbings Wen, Cheng-ming imitated are all important and One Thousand Character Primer (《千字文》) is paramount. Because he followed many famous experts in different dynasties, he’s skilled in the seal character(篆), official-script(隸), cursive-hand(草), regular(楷) and running-hand(行) styles. Therefore, I write Chapter 3rd ‘The processes of learning calligraphy and the models from every kind of calligraphic styles’ (〈文徵明之學書歷程及各體書法之師承〉)。Wen, Cheng-ming emphasized regular style, highlighted tradition and innovation, paid attention to the relationships between personality and book comments, meanwhile, blended calligraphy with paintings. All of above theories influenced the later a lot. Thence, I write Chapter 4th ‘Wen, Cheng-ming’s calligraphic theories’ (〈文徵明之書學理論〉). To sum up, I write Chapter 5th ‘Conclusion’(〈結論〉).
Wen, Cheng-ming’s important deeds and works are listed in the the appendix ‘The Annals of Wen, Cheng-ming’s Calligraphy’ (〈文徵明書法繫年〉). In that table, we can clearly read his calligraphic works and styles in various periods. In addition, the pictures in this thesis are including Wen, Cheng-ming’s works and various models for calligraphy he handed down by previous masters. From these precious pieces, we can find Wen. Cheng-ming’s calligraphic artistic achievements.