Taiwan is a mountainous island. Ever since 1949, after the WWII, mountaineering activity has gone through a gloomy period. After then, with the effort of China Youth Corps and mountaineering associations, it has reached a peak during the 1970s. Moreover, the set up of national forest recreation areas and national parks has made mountaineering travel in Taiwan more convenient. Even though, compare to ocean poetry, city poetry, and other poetry, mountain poetry has gained less attention. The fact presents not only on a little number of poetic creations but also the rarity of relative researches. This is really a confusing phenomena.
Despite such small amount of writings, during 1949 to 2011, started from Zheng Chou-yu, there has seen mountain poetic writings being written one after another. However, it is not until 2008, when Liu Ke-hsiang published “Mountains”, that the first collection of mountain poetry appeared. The publication signifies the very value of writing mountain poetry. In order to understand the development and attributes of mountain poetry, I think it is necessary to address mountain poetry through the developing process of mountaineering activity in Taiwan and the interaction between poet and mountaineering environment.
With an aim to classify mountain poetry out of many groups, chapter 1 defines what is Taiwan modern mountain poetry. This is followed by an attempt to divide the developing process of mountaineering activity and mountain poetry in sections appropriate, which consist of the following: mountaineering adventure in Taiwan, mountaineering travel in Taiwan, professional mountaineering, Mt. Jade movement.
In chapter 2 to chapter 5, we focus on discussing mountain poetry that are written during every period, as well as mountaineering activity and the environment. Finally a developing process of Taiwan modern mountain poetry is structured. In so doing it seeks for characteristics of Taiwan mountain poetry and its future possibilities.