多數綠色設計文獻研究僅針對環保3R-Reduce (減量)、Reuse (重複使用)、Recycle (回收) 等三項作研究，本研究將再新增Recovery (再生材料)及Right place (環保原料選擇及廢棄物處置) 此二項，構成提升產品綠色設計的5R準則-Reduce (減量設計)、Reuse (重複使用)、Recycle (回收/易拆解) 及Recovery (再生材料)、Right place (環保原料選擇及廢棄物處置)等五項綠色設計概念。
Rapid developments in technologies within the worldwide community and modern industry have brought multiple options, more convenience and unbelievable benefits to most of the consumers. However, on the other side, the resources have been unimaginably exploited and multiplied pollutions has been created as a result of the continuous production for the various products presented to the people, which have seriously put the earth in jeopardy.
The on-going practice of RoHS and WEEE in EU and similar rules in other regions highlights the importance and urgency to protect the environment and sets up the limits for all the importing goods, which urges importers and manufacturers to emphasize "green products" and take actions from design, material selection inspection and manufacturing. All the facts and practices have gradually and widely built up a common understanding about the environment protection not only to the industries but to every single consumer. Now all of the consumers have the options to get the products changed by choosing eco-friendly products. And all of us have the obligations to keep the environment from being harmed by urging for green design in consumer goods.
As the green design becomes a more clear focus, designers have to radically change their thinking path and jump out of the regular past frame. They should think "green" right from the design phase, then put the following points in consideration to keep the environment being further damaged. Green components should be applied to lower the possible pollution during production; products to be easily disassembled, collected and recycled after use; and harm-free components to the environment should be implemented as the basic design concepts. Besides the traditional 3R concepts - Reduce, Reuse, Recycle about the environment protection, this study further covers Recovery and Right place to make it 5R as the principles to promote for the product green design. 5R - Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Recovery and Right place.
The information collected from literature review, the design principles from the environment protection, and the inventive problem solving theory, namely TRIZ, will be applied to the design for monitoring and surveillance system. At the end, a discussion will be made about the result from the evaluation for a green product project based on the AHP - Analytic Hierarchy Process. In this study a camera product from a monitoring and surveillance company will be discussed to implement the green design concept and methodology.