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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/77326

    Title: 少子高齢化と日本女性労働
    Other Titles: 少子高齡化與日本女性勞動
    A study of the activities of Japanese female employment under the influence of lower birth rates and aged society
    Authors: 黃巧;Huang, Chiao
    Contributors: 淡江大學亞洲研究所碩士在職專班
    小山直則;Koyama, Naonori
    Keywords: 產業結構;勞動率;M字型曲線;非正式雇用;機會費用;Industrial Structure;labor force participation rate;M-shape curve;Contingent work;opportunity cost;産業構造;労働力率;機会費用
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2012-06-21 06:27:24 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 近年,由於產業結構的改變,第三次產業亦即所謂的服務經濟的堀起,改變了職場的結構。相較於勞力密集的第一及第二次產業,無須特殊技能與經驗的第三次產業造就了許多適合女性工作的機會。
    According to this study, at present, there are 53 % of female are contingent employees in Japan, moreover, 30 % of Japanese young adults between the age of 15 to 24 work as temporary employees. The uncertainties for obtaining job opportunities and unstable incomes lead to late marriages and increasing un- married young couples. Due to this situation, the decreasing birth rate has become a problem. Furthermore, low opportunity cost diminishes the willing to return to work place in married women. Thus, it is important to promote policies to improve the problem of unemployment for married women and to facilitate marriages for young couples in order to overcome the situation of low birth rate.
    In Japanese society, there is a stereotype that men work outside while women work within the house. This traditional concept decreases the employment rate of married women. Even though there are different policies that deal with the problems regard of improving the situation of unemployment in married women and low birth rate, however there are no prominent positive changes during last 20 years. Thus, adjusting the stereotype and creating a new concept of accepting more women in work place in Japan is a critical goal in the future.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of Asian Studies] Thesis

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