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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/77322

    Title: 美國亞利桑那州1070號移民法案之研究
    Other Titles: A case study on the anti-illegal immigration legislation-arizona SB1070
    Authors: 許育瑋;Hsu, Yu-Wei
    Contributors: 淡江大學美洲研究所碩士班
    Keywords: 亞利桑那州;1070號法案;移民法案;非法移民;Arizona;SB1070;Immigration Legislation;illegal immigrants
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2012-06-21 06:27:12 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 亞利桑那州於2010年4月23日通過了1070號法案,此法被公認為美國近幾十年來最為嚴厲的反非法移民法案。這項法案最大的爭議在於非法移民將被視為刑事犯,該法並規定警察可以對任何他們有正當理由懷疑是非法移民的人進行盤查和逮捕。



    On April 23, 2010, SB1070 was passed in the U.S. state of Arizona that at the time of passage was the broadest and strictest anti-illegal immigration measure in recent U.S. history. The Act additionally makes it a state misdemeanor crime for an alien to be in Arizona without carrying the required documents, requires that state law enforcement officers attempt to determine an individual’s immigration status during an awful stop, detention or arrest when there is reasonable suspicion that the individual is an illegal immigrant.

    Due to the economic gap between the U.S. and Latin America, it thus formed a push force by the Latin American countries and a pull force by the U.S., which makes illegal immigrants flood into the U.S. from Latin America countries in pursuit of better living environment.

    However, in order to deal with the problem of illegal immigrants, the U.S. Congress started to pass anti-illegal immigration legislations since 1980s. Basically, illegal immigrants involve in multidimensional issues, for instance, national security (border control and the prevention of terrorists) and domestic affairs (education and medical care). Therefore, the purpose of SB1070 is to drive out those illegal immigrants stayed in Arizona unlawfully and prevent them from illegal entry into Arizona.

    Above all, there are pros and cons of the implementation concerning any policy or measure. Take SB1070 for example, although it meets the requirements of most Arizonians, it also receives national and international attention and has spurred considerable controversy. Consequently, lawmakers and law executors should try to reach the balance between the two sides of supporters and opponents. After all, the problem of illegal immigrants is bound to be solved. Besides, how to enforce the law effectively without the abuse of power is thorny to the law executors.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of the Americas] Thesis

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