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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/77316

    Title: 美國境內非法移民對國內勞工所得分配之衝擊
    Other Titles: The impact of illegal immigration on U.S. income distribution
    Authors: 范博禎;Fan, Po-Chen
    Contributors: 淡江大學美洲研究所碩士班
    柯大衛;Kleykamp, David
    Keywords: 非法移民;所得分配;固定效果;州級資料;邊界;農業;共和黨;民主黨;地理區域;illegal immigration;Income distribution;Fixed Model;State Level;Border;Agricultural;republican;Democratic;Geography Regions
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2012-06-21 06:26:57 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 2007年在美國境內的非法移民數量超過1210萬人以上,龐大的數量規模,所帶來的各種間接或直接影響不可小覷之。本研究探討非法移民對美國整體勞動力市場的影響後,著重於非法移民數量改變對勞工所得分配所產生的影響。
    The United States is well known to be a country of immigrants. It has experienced numerous waves of immigration over the past 150 years. However, in recent times, the number of illegal immigrants in the US has risen substantially. Large numbers of illegal immigrants can now be found in nearly every one of the US fifty states. The existence and scale of the illegal immigration has generated considerable public pressure for analysis and change. This thesis considers one important aspect which is often discussed in the literature on illegal immigration; namely, the issue of whether or not illegal immigration has had a substantial impact on the distribution of income in the United States. The thesis first discusses, in a simple and direct fashion, the original theoretical foundation provided by W. Ethier on the subject of illegal immigration and wages. It then turns to a panel data set on high versus low incomes ranging over the individual fifty US states for selected years. Additional data on unemployment and regional dummy variables are included, as well. It is found that after controlling for business cycle influences, illegal immigration is directly and significantly correlated with the spread between high and low incomes among the fifty US states. However, while the effect is statistically significant, the magnitude of this effect is still not particularly large. A 10% rise in illegal immigration spread evenly over the states can be expected to increase the spread between high and low incomes by only 1-2%. A number of regional discrepancies for this effect, as well as their possible political differences are explored in the thesis.
    Appears in Collections:[美洲研究所] 學位論文

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