Microporous poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) membranes with either dense or porous surface were prepared by isothermal immersion–precipitation of a casting solution in coagulation baths of different strengths. Onto the membranesurface, amino acid (l-lysine) or 1,6-hexanediamine (HMDA) was chemically immobilized. The membrane was first grafted with poly(glycidyl methacrylate) (PGMA) by means of plasma-induced free radical polymerization. Then, l-lysine or 1,6-hexanediamine was reacted with epoxy groups in the grafted PGMA to create an ECM environment suited to cell culture. Neuronal cells were cultivated on the formed pristine and surface-modified PVDFmembranes. It is found that neurons tend to aggregate into large clusters with neuritic branches on pristine PVDFmembranes, whereas for those cultured on the PGMA/PVDFmembranes, serious aggregation takes place as well, but without neurites being formed. In contrast, neurons did not aggregate on the l-lysine or HMDA-immobilized membrane. It is also interesting to find that a neuritic network inter-connecting cells is constructed for the former, yet no neurite is observed for the latter membrane. Such phenomenon is thought to be associated with the extra –COOH group in l-lysine with respect to HMDA.