Recent advances in material science and technology yield not only various kinds of nano- and sub-micro-scaled particles but also particles of various charged conditions such as Janus particles. The characterization of these particles can be challenging because conventional electrophoresis theory is usually based on drastic assumptions that are unable to realistically describe the actual situation. In this study, the influence of the nonuniform charged conditions on the surface of a particle at an arbitrary level of surface potential and double layer thickness on its electrophoretic behavior is investigated for the first time in the literature taking account of the effect of double-layer polarization. Several important results are observed. For instance, for the same averaged surface potential, the mobility of a nonuniformly charged particle is generally smaller than that of a uniformly charged particle, and the difference between the two depends upon the thickness of double layer. This implies that using the conventional electrophoresis theory may result in appreciable deviation, which can be on the order of ca. 20%. In addition, the nonuniform surface charge can yield double vortex in the vicinity of a particle by breaking the symmetric of the flow field, which has potential applications in mixing and/or regulating the medium confined in a submicrometer-sized space, where conventional mixing devices are inapplicable.