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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/76093

    Title: 不服輸的選舉輸家:個人特徵與政治態度
    Other Titles: Discontent Losers: Personal Characteristics and Political Attitudes
    Authors: 林聰吉;游清鑫
    Contributors: 淡江大學公共行政學系
    Keywords: 輸家同意;選舉輸家;民主化;民主鞏固;多數統治;loser's consent;election loser;democratization;democratic consolidation;majority rule
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2012-05-02 09:25:42 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 多數統治原則是民主政治的基礎之一,但在全國性大選落敗的陣營若因心生 不滿,降低對政治體系的支持,可能會危及民主政治的運作。本文的目的即以台 灣為案例,觀察因總統大選敗選所引發的負面政治態度,是否可被用來瞭解近年 朝野政治對峙日趨激烈的現象?本文援引輸家同意(loser's consent)理論,提出下 列研究問題: 一、無論敗選的政黨為何,輸家對選舉公平性的質疑,是否已是台灣政治常見的 現象?具有那些特徵的選舉輸家,會較傾向於不滿選舉的結果? 二、相較於贏家,選舉輸家的政治態度會呈現何種趨勢?而藉由這些長期的態度 走向,是否得以進而解讀我國民主政治的發展? 三、選舉輸家本身的政治態度,是否會隨著時間而有所變化?若是,導致變化的 原因為何? 本研究採用次級資料分析、電話訪問、專家訪談三種研究方法。首先,次級 資料來自「台灣選舉與民主化調查」2004、2008 以及2012 的面訪資料,分析的 內容包括現有歷年標準題組中有關政治態度的各種變項,以解答第一與第二個研 究問題。其次,預計以固定樣本連續訪問法(panel study),分別在2012 年5 月總 統就職、2013 年5 月總統就職滿一周年,進行兩次電話訪問,以解答第三個研 究問題。最後,本研究將訪談國內相關學者,針對理論的引用與補正、電話 民意調查題目的擬定、研究發現的解釋等提出建議。
    According to the recent literature, the rise of discontent losers in the national election has jeopardized the majority rule in modern democracies. This research attempts to explore increasing conflicts between the KMT and the DDP supporters in terms of the loser's consent theory. There are three main questions: (1)What are the characteristics of discontent losers? (2)What are the trends of the losers' political attitudes? How can we understand losers' political attitudes by relating to Taiwan's democratization? (3) How do the losers change their political attitudes? How can we explain the shift of political attitudes? Three methods will be applied in this study: the secondary data analysis, the panel study, and the expert interview. Sources of the secondary analysis are face-to-face interview data collected by the TEDS in 2004, 2008, and 2012 presidential elections. The panel study will be based on the data collected by phone interviews held in May 2012 and May 2013, respectively.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute & Department of Business Administration] Research Paper

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