Although Wireless Sensor Networks WSNs have been extensively researched, its deployment is still a big concern. This paper makes two contributions to this issue. First, we promote a new concept of Long-Thin LT topology for WSNs, where a network may have a number of linear paths of nodes as backbones connecting to each other. These backbones are to extend the network to the intended coverage areas. At the first glance, a LT WSN only seems to be a special case of numerous WSN topologies. However, we observe, from real deployment experiences, that such a topology is quite general in many applications and deployments. The second contribution is that we show that the address assignment and thus the tree routing scheme defined in the original ZigBee specification may work poorly, if not fail, in a LT topology. We then propose simple, yet efficient, address assignment and routing schemes for a LT WSN. Simulation results are reported.
International Journal of Ad Hoc and Ubiquitous Computing archive 12(3), pp.147-156