A tunable electro-optical 2 × 2 beam splitter based on two-dimensional rod-type photonic crystals is presented. The beam splitter consists of two orthogonally crossed linear waveguides and a single center rod in square lattice photonic crystals. In order to create a linear waveguide, the radius of a line of rods is reduced. A single center rod is positioned at the intersection of the linear waveguides to divide the input lightwave into output ports. The switching mechanism is a change in the conductance of the waveguide region and hence modulating the guided modes. The tunable beam splitter can be applied to photonic integrated circuits.