The influence of the recycle effect on heat transfer to the power-law fluids from a double-pass parallel-plate heat exchanger with uniform wall temperature has been studied analytically. The governing equations are solved by an orthogonal expansion technique in terms of power series. The heat transfer problem is solved for fully developed laminar flow through parallel-plate channels by ignoring axial conduction, with fluid properties of temperature independence. The dependence of the average Nusselt number on the Graetz number has been studied in detail. Analytical results show that the recycle effect can enhance the heat transfer efficiency as compared with that in a single pass (without an impermeable plate inserted and without recycle). Considerable heat-transfer enhancement is obtained by introducing the recycle-effect concept in designing such double-pass operations. The effects of the impermeable-sheet position and the power-law index on the enhancement of device performance as well as the power consumption increment have also been delineated.
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 55(9-10), pp.2261–2267