|Abstract: ||近年來RFID (無線射頻辨識技術)被認為是影響未來全球產業發展的重要技術，甚至被列為本世紀十大重要技術項目之一，從全球應用規模來看，其市場一直呈現倍速增長，不論是在倉儲管理、遠距照護、電子收費、軍事國防、機場行李管制上皆能看到其巨大的影響，開啟了RFID全球熱潮。|
Everybody believes that Radio frequency identification is the important technology to affect global future industry in recent years. It is even to be concerned as one of the top ten important technologies in this century. Nowadays, the percentage of RFID applications in the market is growing continuously. It is noticed that RFID technology has caused big influences in many senses, such as storage management, telecare, electronic toll collection, military defense, airport baggage control. The world of RFID is booming.
It can not be predicted when or where a fire disaster could happen, and what damages it might cause. RFID uses in private enterprises and our daily life extensively now. However, it is seldom applied in fire disaster rescue.
With the population more than 23 million, it is over crowded in Taiwan. When fire disaster is happening, the key questions that we need to discuss would be how we can control the scene immediately, how many people and firemen are in the building, what their locations are, and how we can reduce the damages of casualties and property. All of these are to be realized by fire departments to conduct relief operations effectively.
In this research, RFID technology combines with positioning system to develop a fire disaster system. By the remote connection system, the outside fireman can do real-time monitoring to all of people in the building, including residents and firemen. When firemen enter the building, they can use handheld reader to check situations around. The problem of signal overlap is then solved, and a complete database of fire disaster system is also established. The system greatly improves the efficiency for save people. A record is made while all the operations being taken. This provides evidence to all fire authorities that they can do actions review after fire disaster. The best efficiency and the least loss will be then accomplished.