|Abstract: ||本研究藉由参數化設計與材料實驗，利用三維電腦繪圖軟體輔助設計，經過數位製造的程序後，以雷射切割機、數位車床、3D Printer等機器輔助生產，將成品實做出來。結合電腦輔助設計與製造的技術，工具及物件可以開始被客製化，同時以電腦建構的三維模型可以實品的方式呈現，是為本研究重要的課題。透過電腦輔助設計與製造的整合，重新回饋於設計操作方法上，以多種平台的作業方式來回檢驗與檢視設計過程。以貫徹整個設計到實踐的過程，達到一種所謂的「自產自製」設計方法。|
This research actually manufactures the final product with the assistance of laser cutting machine, digital lathe and 3D printer, through parametric design, material experiment, using three-dimensional 3D computer graphics software aided design, and by digital fabrication process. Combine computer-aided design and manufacturing technologies, and tools and objects can be customized; besides, the 3D computer model can be presented as a real object. All of this is the important issue of this research. Feeding back again to the operation method of design through the integration of computer-aided design and manufacturing, and repeatedly examining and reviewing the design process by the practice of multi-platform to perfect the entire process from design to production, achieves a kind of what is called “self-design, self-manufactured” design method.
The research intends to investigate the change of operating tools and find the convenience provided by the change of design tools through previous design experiences. It then utilizes plastic materials and develops different construction methods to make the works present textures and features that 3D computer graphics cannot display. The overall framework consists of two parts, computer-aided design and manufacturing. The operation process of first part contains point series graphics, line series graphics, and plane series graphics, using these different geometric elements to design on 2D plane first and then in 3D space. Furthermore, the research develops the graphic principles consisting of triangular, rectangular and hexagonal arrays as well as point, line and plane, to conduct the design operation. After operating 2D plane, the research tries the design of 3D unit organization, intending to utilize the control factors of previous designs to find out regularity and develop different changes of pattern from it.
The second part simulates the wall to be manufactured afterwards by computer-aided design. The traditional approach, however, can only use one mold to produce one kind of pattern. The research tries to produce various patterns using the least molds; therefore, it produces customized modular face materials by parametric molds. It then utilizes the characteristic of hot plasticity of plastic material to manufacture the finished product. Finally, it develops the materialness of plastics and utilizes the characteristic of material to actually carry out the design of wall by investigating how to transform parametric design into the design of parametric mold, formulating a set of design rules through practical experience.