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    題名: 在人造空間以輕質材料詮釋自然
    其他題名: Designing nature in man-made space with light materials
    作者: 朱育萱;Chu, Yu-Hsuan
    貢獻者: 淡江大學建築學系碩士班
    陳珍誠;Chen Chen-Cheng
    關鍵詞: 輕質材料;自然;人造;隱喻;非物質;Light Material;Artifact;nature;metaphor;Immaterial
    日期: 2011
    上傳時間: 2011-12-28 18:47:16 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本研究以輕質的材料來詮釋不可見的自然,藉由日本文化中常見的手法,經由轉化,在人造空間中創造自然的氛圍。在過去,從自然與人造之間是一個很模糊不清的地帶。往往在建築處理上,利用一道牆與自然隔絕,沒有所謂的過渡性,然而在日本文化藝術中,卻可以發現他們以非常「輕」的手法處理這方面的議題。日本人依循著從其信仰衍生出的自然觀,形成了精神結構,找尋與自然共融的方式,發展出屬於日本文化的特性。善於詮釋自然材質的態度,與加工後的偽裝,改變材料原有的形態,這些天然的素材,強調了人造空間中自然的重要性,因為日本文化對自然尊敬的態度,造就了日本人對於萬物謙虛與尊重之心。
    本研究主要由第一部份從現象觀察與人造自然手法的案例,整理出對於人造自然的看法。第二部份藉由日本人對非自然的看法及手法來詮釋自然,並以人造自然的手法對於自然的形態做模擬操作實驗,第三部份著重在人與自然的調和與輕質材料的構築,第四部份則在人造與自然共生的基地上,藉由都市廢墟詮釋自然。
    在第三部份中,以輕質材料詮釋自然、模擬自然的形態,並以隱喻自然的方式,設計產生單元化的建築元素。利用非物質性的建築元素:光、風、水與植物為主要架構,結合物質性的設計元素:紙、布、線、塑膠管、玻璃、鐵絲與竹等材質詮釋不可見的自然,藉由不同的實驗與設計操作,嘗試不同設計轉化的可能,以延伸做為第四部份的設計元素。
    第四部份在都市中尋找基地,透過對於「廢墟建築學院」的再詮釋,提出個人對於自然的看法與態度。同樣是在詮釋自然,然而本研究是以抽象化的自然為主,與「廢墟建築學院」的態度有所不同。本研究強調自然的進入,以另一種隱喻詮釋自然的方法,透過材料操作自然形態,來模擬日本文化中的自然觀。對於不同的自然的形態進行討論,以三種不同的方式:手法、材質與氛圍做為設計的條件,構成整體的設計。最後則是探討空間中氛圍的感受,來體悟最深層的自然觀,使用色調與質感,尋找詮釋自然的另外一種可能-人對於自然的渴望與追求。
    In the research, light material was used to interpret the invisible nature. Through transformation to the technique that is often seen in Japanese culture, natural atmosphere was created in artificial space. In the past, there has been a gray zone between nature and artifact.In architecture, a wall is used to separate nature from artifact and the so-called transition is nowhere to be seen. However, in Japanese cultural art, it is found that they use a very “light” technique to deal with this issue. Japanese follow the view on nature derived from their belief to develop spiritual structure. They find the way to co-exist with nature and develop the cultural characteristics that belong only to Japan. Their excellent ability to interpret natural materials and the way they disguise them after processing change the original state of the materials. These natural materials emphasize the importance of nature in artificial space. The respect Japanese culture has for nature train Japanese to be humble and to respect all things in the world.
    In the research, the first section revealed the opinions toward artificial nature from cases of phenomenon observations and techniques of artificial nature techniques. In the second section, nature was interpreted by Japanese’s opinions and techniques toward non-nature and simulation operation experience was done to the forms of nature using the technique of artificial nature. The third section emphasized on the harmonization between human and nature and the construction using light material. In the fourth section, on the base where artifact and nature co-exist, wasteland in the city was used to interpret nature.
    In the third section, light material was used to interpret nature and simulate the forms of nature. Moreover, by means of using metaphor on nature, modular building elements were designed. Immaterial building elements such as light, wind, water and plant were used as the main ideas to interpret the invisible nature while integrating material design elements such as paper, fabric, string, plastic pipe, glass, wire and wood. Through different experiments and designing operations, different design transformations were tried which were extended to be the design elements in the fourth section.
    In the fourth section, the base was searched for in the city and individual opinion and attitude toward nature were proposed through the re-interpretation of “Ruin Academy of Architecture”. While nature was also interpreted, the research mainly interpreted abstract nature which was different to “Ruin Academy of Architecture”. The research emphasized on the entering of nature and used a different metaphor to interpret nature and simulate the view on nature in Japanese culture by using materials to make the forms of nature. Different forms of nature were discussed and three different means such as technique, material and atmosphere were used as the design elements to construct the overall design. Finally, the feeling of the atmosphere in the space was discussed to realize the deepest view of nature. Color tones and textures were used to seek another possibility of nature interpretation – People’s desire and pursue for nature.
    顯示於類別:[建築學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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