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    題名: 劉宗周的證人思想
    其他題名: The theory of human being proven to be moral by Liu Tsung-Chou
    作者: 張妤鴻;Chang, Yu-Hung
    貢獻者: 淡江大學中國文學系碩士在職專班
    崔成宗
    關鍵詞: 劉宗周;證人思想;人譜;Liu Tsung-chou;Zheng Ren;Renpu;Human morality;human schemata
    日期: 2011
    上傳時間: 2011-12-28 18:43:28 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本論文主要探討劉宗周「證人思想」的為學進路。首先,在歷史的進程中,瞭解其為人,包括生平、交友、師承及思想淵源。

    再者,在劉宗周以淑世為依歸的架構下,他不但擷取古聖先賢之哲理,還結合個人人生之體悟,淬煉出獨特的見解,因而提出了「慎獨」、「誠意」、「主靜立極」等學說,也為「證人思想」奠定了豐富的內涵。他更為了因應時代之流弊,而完成《人譜》等相關著作,在充斥著王學末流蹈空躐等弊病的環境下,及袁了凡《功過格》、秦弘祐《遷改格》等功利因果色彩的明末,注入一股清流。

    透過《人譜》,我們不僅可以瞭解到劉宗周「證人思想」的義涵,更可以見識到他嚴謹的處世態度及工夫之實踐。可見劉宗周不是一位理論家,而是一位真正的實踐者,他不管為官或在野,都以家國天下為念,他的事功也不僅只有在朝而已,在與陶石梁成立「證人社」、在講學不輟、在賑災弭水患、在照顧親人宗族的同時,他的證人思想已與他的生命相結合,即使到了絕食的那一刻,他都堅持走對的路,讓人成為一個頂天立地的人,甚至躋於聖人之境,他的一生已為《人譜》做見證。
    The purpose of the study:
    This study is trying to analyze Liu Tsung-chou''s philosophical anthropology and attemp to understand his theory of moral and spiritual cultivation of Human Schemata (Renpu).

    The scope of the study:
    This paper studies the scope of Liu Tsung-chou''s background、philosophical and ideological origins including his critique of Wang Yang-ming、rectification、meditation、vigilance-in-solitude and sincerity of will.

    We can come to know his philosophical ideas and practice on kung fu through the study of human schemata.(Renpu)Above all,human Schemata offered a rigorous phenomenological description of human mistakes and we continuously revised to correct errors. That also represents his absolute confidence in human nature is good.

    According to his posthumous manuscript,we know Liu Tsung-chou not only put forward the theory but also contribute to the country and common people.He belives the value of people is to correct the bad habits and errors in life. In fact,Liu Tsung-chou never give up and efforts to complete his life aim that is to be proven the value of human being.
    顯示於類別:[中國文學學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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