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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/74467

    Title: 孟荀人性論比較
    Other Titles: The difference of human-nature theory between Mencius and Xun Zi
    Authors: 翁瑜青;Weng, Yu-Ching
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國文學系碩士在職專班
    王邦雄;Wang, Bang-Shiung
    Keywords: ;;;孔子;孟子;荀子;天人合一;化性起偽;Tan(Heaven);Sing(Heart);Xing(Human-Nature);Confucius;Mengzi;Xunzi;tianren heyi(the Continuity between Tian and Human World);huaxing quwei(Transformation and Development of Human-Nature)
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2011-12-28 18:43:20 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 儒家思想對亞洲地區影響深遠。自漢武帝罷黜百家,獨尊儒術,儒家思想影響中國二千年。孟子與荀子分別繼承孔子的學說,並加以發揚光大,但孟子與荀子在歷史的評價與定位卻是天壤之別。宋‧朱熹將《論語》、《孟子》、《大學》、《中庸》合為《四書》,成為後世士人必讀之書,但身為儒家學者的荀子卻不在朱熹的考量之內。本論文單就概念比較,以「天」、「心」、「性」為主軸,分析孟、荀在「心性」思想上的差異。

    Confucian thought has deeply influenced Asia. Since Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty dismissed the hundred schools of thought two thousand years ago and revered only Confucianism, it has influenced China. Mencius and Xunzi both inherited and expanded upon the discourse of Confucius; however, they have vastly different historical considerations and orientations. In the Song Dynasty, Zhu Xi combined The Analects(Lunyu), Mencius, Great Learning(Daxue), and Doctrine of the Mean(Zhongyong) into The Four Books(Sishu), which became required reading for posterity; however, Zhu Xi did not consider Xunzi, who was also a Confucian scholar. This thesis uses only these concepts for comparison, focusing on “heaven,” (天)“heart,” (心) and “human-nature”(性) to analyze the differences between Mencius and Xunzi, in terms of their thought on “heart and human-nature.”

    This paper is divided into six chapters. Chapter 1 is the introduction, which explains the research motivation, research path, research scope, and research limitations of this thesis. Chapter 2 is the literature review, divided into explorations of editions of ancient books, as well as contemporary research. In terms of ancient books, the editions of The Analects(Lunyu), Mencius, Xunzi, and Laozi are briefly explained; contemporary research focuses on the “heart and human-nature of Mencius and Xunzi,” from the perspective of contemporary Taiwanese Neo-Confucian scholars, Xu Fuguan(徐復觀) and Mo Zongsan(牟宗三). Chapter 3 is Mencius’s theory of human nature, a principle analysis that explains the close connections between the thoughts of Confucius and Mencius on heart and human-nature. Chapter 4 is Xunzi’s theory of human nature, which explains that Xunzi’s thoughts diverge from the heart and human- nature of Confucius and Mencius. Xunzi was a Confucian scholars at the end of the Warring States period, and his thoughts exhibited diversity. In this chapter, analysis of the heart and human-nature of Xunzi use the influence of the thoughts of Laozi and Gaozi to explain the principle analysis. Chapter 5 is a comparison between theories on human nature by Mencius and Xunzi, which center on the discourse of contemporary Neo-Confucian scholars, Xu Fuguan and Mo Zongsan, on the “heart and human-nature of Mencius and Xunzi,” to compositely compare the differences in the heart and human-nature of Mencius and Xunzi. Chapter 6 is the conclusion, which reviews and summarizes the thesis.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute & Department of Chinese] Thesis

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