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    Title: 《金瓶梅詞話》女性身體書寫析論 : 以西門慶妻妾為論述中心
    Other Titles: Jin Ping Mei, an analysis of writing the female body : the ladies of the house for the exposition center Ximen
    金瓶梅詞話女性身體書寫析論
    Authors: 沈心潔;Shen, Hsin-Chien
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國文學系碩士班
    陳葆文;Chen, Pao-Wen
    Keywords: 金瓶梅;身體;權力;欲望;身體書寫;Jin Ping Mei;body;desire;Authority;body writing
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2011-12-28 18:43:18 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 作為世情小說之祖,《金瓶梅詞話》顛覆傳統文化的虛偽,觸及了個人生命生存的欲望與衝突,並創造了大量的女性人物,以她們與西門慶的關係作主軸,突顯出西門家特有的女性世界。人須以自我的身體為基礎來與世界相處,若要區別自我與他人的不同之處以彰顯自我的存在價值,就必須以個體的身體為核心去探討。因此本文嘗試就《金瓶梅詞話》的人物形象與文本情節,探討女性身體在文本中被突顯的情欲與權力內涵,試圖從女性人物的身體表現,進行從身體自我本身到文化與社會的全面探索,以尋求「身體」在文本中的詮解,分析女性身體在明代社會思潮下的社會變化,以及身體在社會中的歷史變化,了解當代對身體的興趣與理解是什麼?突顯女體在《金瓶梅詞話》中的地位及其研究價值。
    本論文一共分為五章,觀察對象以西門慶的眾妻妾為主,以各個身體所衍生的情欲與權力的相關角度,輔以其他西門宅內外的女性作參照,說明《金瓶梅》中女性身體所展現的生存處境與生存方式所突顯的身體觀,以及與中國晚明社會文化中所呈現父權社會下的女性身體意識作一反思。本文主要以第二、三章為文本層之分析,交叉觀察不同面向下的身體與情欲、權力問題,作為第四章深層意涵之依據,讓文本層之分析論述可落實於身體深層意涵中的詮釋,所得到的結論是《金瓶梅》女性身體觀主要表現了身體的功能論與本能論,女性身體本能包含了快感的追求,以及追求過程中將本能放大的身體越界表現,同時死亡也是身體本能的一種,《金瓶梅》以性與死的交織作為批判縱欲的主要論述;另一方面文本中女性所透露出的身體功能,乃憑藉著身體求生存,在家庭資源的掠奪中,突顯出各個身體的不同,以及她們如何面對欲望與現實間的適應與衝突。第三個部分則是將女性身體置於男權視域中,提出女性身體何以降低為附屬地位,成為男性的附屬品,以及男性如何以權力規訓、懲罰女性身體。而在種種不平等的待遇中,女性如何突破自我與他人眼光,展現出自我的身體意識與追求自身欲望。
    As a worldly novel of the ancestors, "Jin Ping Mei" subvert traditional culture of hypocrisy, touched the lives of individuals living desires and conflicts, and create a lot of female characters to them and Ximen relationship for the spindle, highlights the Simon family-specific women in the world. Are required to self and the world body as a basis for coexistence, to distinguish the difference between self and others sentenced to demonstrate the existence of self-worth, it must be the individual''s body core to the discussion. This article attempts to "Jin Ping Mei," the characters and text plot to explore the female body in the text are highlighted by the passion and power, meaning, trying to female characters of the physical performance of the body from self itself to the culture and society fully explore, to find the "body" in the text interpreted, analyzed the female body of social thought in the Ming Dynasty under the social change, and physical history of changes in society, to understand the contemporary interest in and understanding of the body is what? Highlight the female body in the "Jin Ping Mei" in the status and research value.
    This paper is divided into a total of five chapters, the congregation observed the object to wives Ximen mainly derived from the body to various passions and power-related point of view, supported by other women outside the house Simon as a reference, indicating the "Golden Lotus" in the female body demonstrated the survival and the survival situation highlighted by attitudes toward the body, and the Chinese culture in the late Ming society presents women in a patriarchal society under the consciousness of the body to make a reflection. In this paper, the second chapters of the text layer of analysis, cross under the effects of different physical and passion for, the question of power, as the fourth chapter of the deep meaning of the basis for discussion of the text layer analysis of the deep meaning of the body can be implemented in the interpretation, the conclusion is the "Golden Lotus" view of the female body functions mainly on the body and instinct theory, the female body instinctively include the pursuit of pleasure and instinct during the process of seeking to enlarge the body of cross-border performance, while death is physical instinct of a "Golden Lotus" intertwined with sex and death as the main discussion of critical indulgence; the other hand, women are revealed in the text body functions, is by virtue of physical survival, the plundering of resources in the family, the highlights every body is different and how they face desires and reality adaptation and conflict. The third part of the female body sucked right place, as the male domain, why make the female body is reduced to a subsidiary position as subordinate to men, and men how to discipline the power to punish the female body. Unequal treatment in all, women how to break the vision of self and others, to show from my body awareness and the pursuit of their own desires.
    Appears in Collections:[中國文學學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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