|其它题名: ||The study of Wen Zheng-Ming's tea poems|
|作者: ||蔡馨儀;Tsai, Hsin-Yi|
|关键词: ||文徵明;茶詩;茗飲生活;Wen Zheng-Ming;tea poems,;drinking tea|
|上传时间: ||2011-12-28 18:43:13 (UTC+8)|
The custom of drinking tea originates from the demand of the human. Before Tang dynasty, drinking tea is just like cooking soup to solve the problems of thirst. Until the Tang dynasty, drinking tea becomes a program with regular steps. Lu Yu wrote ‘the classic of tea’ the first definitive work on cultivating, making and drinking.In addition, literary authors as Pi Rix–iu and Lu Gui-meng composed many tea poems with personal emotion .Drinking tea is not only a life program but an artistry .During the Song Dynasty, the culture of tea reached a peak. During the Ming Dynasty, there was a transformation of the traditional skills of tea making and drinking.In addition, the Ming Dynasty macro environment factors with the heart study was developing, literary writers tended to live a peaceful life with their family instead of being an official contributing to the country or public affairs. In their secluded life, they lived simply and pursued Taoism, giving up artifice and affectation with beauty gaining a new importance through the drinking of tea.
Wen Zheng- Ming was versed in the four Ming Dynasty arts of poetry, prose, calligraphy and painting. In the first half of his life, he devoted to the preliminary examination. In the latter half of his life, he returned to his home village to live in seclusion. After coming home, Wen Zheng- Ming read ,painted and traveled. Sometimes,
, he felt depressed and drank tea to dispel boredom and loneliness. In the process of drinking tea, he composed some poems to express his emotion and thoughts.
Finally, the author attempts to analyse Wen Zheng- Ming’s tea poems , estimating the
influence of the Ming Dynasty tea culture and the general literary writers’ life of drinking tea.
This thesis is divided into six chapters, as follows：
The first chapter explains the research motive and the goal, surveys previous scholars’ work, and defines the scope of research.
The second chapter states the background of drinking tea, the changes of making and drinking tea ,and the spirits of literary writers when drinking tea during the Ming Dynasty .
The third chapter describes the biography of Wen Zheng- Ming, and the contents
and style of his tea poems.
The fourth chapter focuses on the analysis of the content of Wen Zheng- Ming’s tea poems, including the material culture of tea drinking. It also focuses on the tea, famous springs or rivers suitable for cooking tea , the tea set, drinking tea .
The fifth chapter focuses on the analysis of the content of Wen Zheng -Ming’s tea poems with regard to the spiritual aspects of tea culture. It discusses the spatial and temporal background when Wen Zheng-Ming was drinking tea , the customs by Wen Zheng-Ming drank tea, and the people Wen Zheng-Ming drank with . From this , we can observe the actual situation of the Ming Dynasty writers drinking tea and their thoughts about tea.
The sixth chapter is the conclusion. This chapter takes the second through fifth chapters as a basis .Finally, we can observe the hobbies of Wen Zheng-Ming drinking the tea, indirectly understanding the Ming Dynasty tea culture and its immortal status in the history of tea.