以類書的版畫以及山水版畫為專題的研究，學術界迄今普遍不足；同樣的，以《古今圖書集成》的插圖為課題的研究，至今仍未見相關而全面的探討。有鑑於此，遂激起個人對這課題的興味。 本文以《集成．山川典》山水版畫，做全面的整理與研究，並與其他相關古籍中的山水版畫逐一的比對與分析。所舉文獻，除清雍正四年（1726）武英殿刊本的《集成》外，另採錄收圖形式較為相近的古籍，如《三才圖會》、《圖書編》、《海內奇觀》、《名山圖》、《南巡盛典》等書的山水圖版，舉例分析。 研究方法，除首、末章的緒論與結論外，第二章談清代早期以前山水版畫發展概況。第三章對《集成．山川典》山水版畫作評析，將〈山川典〉插圖內容；分成較具特色的三大類。如：五嶽、五鎮、宗教名山插圖；蘊含故事的人物或情節之插圖，以及具導覽性質的插圖。第四章評述《集成．山川典》山水版畫的特色；將〈山川典〉的插圖特色，分成三個方向說明。如：插圖收錄的廣博與精要；插圖表現的寫實與藝術，以及插圖的取材與形式；最後總結《集成．山川典》圖版的成就與價值。 There are not enough studies on woodcut illustrations of classified encyclopedia and landscapes . And there are not enough comprehensive studies on illustrations of Completed Collection of Graphs and Writings of Ancient and Modern Times. Therefore, that’s the motivation I choose the object of research. My research try to collect all illustrations of the landscapes from Completed Collection of Graphs and Writings of Ancient and Modern Times Features on Mountains and Rivers, the original imperial edition published in 1726 . Compare and analyze with other illustrations of of landscapes individually from relevant ancient rarebooks. Especially in the similar form of illustrations. Such as Assembled Illustrations of the Three Realms of Heaven, Earch and Man, Books Depository, Wonders of the world, Great Mountains Catalog, The Grand Occasion of the Southern Inspection, ect. The structure of my research : There are 3 main chapters besides the first chapter and last chapter, the introduction and conclusion. Chapter 2 : Overview of woodcut landscape illustrations before the early Qing Dynasty. Chapter 3 : Comment on the landscape illustrations of Completed Collection of Graphs and Writings of Ancient and Modern Times Features on Mountains and Rivers. The contents of Features on Mountains and Rivers can be separated into three more categories : 1. the illustrations of famous attractions, such as Five Mountains, Five Towns, and other religious attractions. 2. the illustrations of legendary characters or stories. 3. the illustrations of guidebooks. Chapter 4 : Characteristics of the landscape illustrations of Features on Mountains and Rivers, these can be considered into three directions : 1. the extension and simplicity among the inclusion of these illustrations. 2. the realism and art of the quality of these illustrations. 3. the sources and forms of these illustrations.And last chapter , conclusion. The success and value of these illustrations.