The time between 1127 and 1141 was a transitional period in early Southern Song Dynasty. It could be further divided into four different phases, 1127-1130, 1131-1134, 1135-1137, and 1138-1141. During these 15 years, there had been several major changes in Zhuan Yun Si’s jurisdiction, which is the main focus of this thesis.
In the first phase, Jian Yan period (1127-1130), Jin People’s invasion forced the Southern Song sovereign to escape to the south of the Changjiang River. And Jin’s successive offense immensely hampered Southern Song Dynasty’s administration. Under such circumstances, Southern Song Dynasty’s politics, military affairs, diplomacy, finance and public security all fell into a chaos. Zhuan Yun Si was no exception. Its authority had been greatly distorted.
After 1130,Jin People temporarily stopped their invasion. Therefore Southern Song sovereign could finally focus on the government of the country. Under the government’s enforcement, Zhuan Yun Si’s jurisdiction was progressively restored, but it was still burdened with the responsibility for the army supply. In 1136, the new position Zong Ling Guan was established, and took over the administration of army supply. Zong Ling Guan later became a permanent office, and was developed into Zong Ling Suo. By then, Southern Song’s official system was largely complete.
The purpose of this thesis is to elucidate the relationship between Zhuan Yun Si’s jurisdiction and the political situation in early Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1141). In addition, the establishment of Zong Ling Guan and its association with Zhuan Yun Si will also be examined. We conclude that the Southern Song’s Resurgence was achieved not only by taking back the control over the army, but also by reforming the official system.