This paper aims to explore Tait-ung Taiwan Railway History among 1950-1960s. Tait-ung line had a different style and the West, but Taiwan''s railway history, now is not truly focus on the circumstances. Gradually lost its unique history among the tide of history, so what a pity.
Tai-tung line is established from 1909, finished by two stages. The first stage is from Hualian to Yu-li at 1909, and operates at 1907; the second stage that is form Yu-li to Tait-ung starting after the finish of first stage, which the operational time is at 1926; therefore, the time what we call the completeness of the whole Tai-tung line(Hualian to Taitung). The early time of Tai-tung line’s rail distance is 762mm, which is shorter than today’s rail distance, 1067mm. before the construction of North-link line and South-link line Tai-tung line belongs to a closed rail system; however, that’s the reason of difference between the East and West railway. Except the narrow guage railway and the smaller carriage, the equipment of East station compares largely with the West, because their unique environment, making more various scenes with the West.
The first issue focuses on the refit of equipment from the original gasoline railcar with diesel engine, changing into the diesel railcar; another part makes foci on the new diesel railcar. Above these two points, both parts affect Tai-tung line transportation business. Following discussion, this is about the installation of Tai-tung line’s signal machine of Semaphore by manual control, which has used until 21 century, but this is a memory for the modern people. The discussion of signal machine concentrates on not only the traffic safety of Tai-tung line, but also those all good days. Before understanding the interaction with Huadong highway, it should realize the later half 1950 of charging the repairing construction by T.R.A .The Huadong highway has used five sections for sharing with Tai-tung line bridge; these five bridges could be the railway or highway, which could be called “Railway-road dual purpose bridge”. It is the result of poverty time, but it also becomes a special landscape. Next Part is talking about the time after the operational Huadong highway. Special history of business of the later time in T.R.A, this short time of business was managed by T.R.A that is responsible in maintenance and local transportation. Finally, the text makes importance on the impact of Huadong area by Tai-tung line, such as the cargo transportation, the tourism, the commuter and students travel, or it talks about the main character of Tai-tung line in local religious festival.