“Song Yuan Hua Ben” was one of the literature genres developed in an unique background. Its derivation had close relationship with literature of mixed prose and verse. When speaking to the study of Chinese linguistic, the researchers in the past hindered by the generations of corpora and the formations of excavation; they often paid more attention on the written documents themselves rather than the practical oral language. Not until had the appearance of “Ching-Ping-Shan Hall Hua Ben”, which part of its chapters described in a popular and vivid oral language, colloquial short story could officially be established its genre and started the new phase in the history of Chinses language and literature. The overall language used in “Ching-Ping-Shan Hall Hua Ben” was quite rough, but this work presented the transition of intelligentsia literature to folk literature; it had initial status of the later creation of colloquial stories, and the latest study of Chinese linguistic.
This thesis starts from the perspective of genre to proceed the study of the linguistic level of “Ching-Ping-Shan Hall Hua Ben”. As for the second chapter, in the examination of Hua Ben, the researcher may confirm the status of “Ching-Ping-Shan Hall Hua Ben” and the value of its corpora. Next, in the third chapter, the researcher divides the level of this work’s genre. In the analysis of different genres’ penetration and blend, the researcher would generalize a complete and featured genre system of Hua Ben. Finally, as far as the characteristics of the development of Chinese linguistic in “Ching-Ping-Shan Hall Hua Ben” are concerned (i.e. compound forms, pronoun systems, and auxiliary words), the researcher in the fourth chapter analyzes, compiles statistics, and compares other corpora with this work. The findings should prove that “Ching-Ping-Shan Hall Hua Ben” preserves higher proportions of oral language in Song and Yuan Dynasty; and the colloquial story with higher proportions of oral language would be the valuable corpora of studying the development of Chinese linguistic in Song and Yuan Dynasty.