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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/74371

    Title: 救災系統動態之探討 : 複雜理論觀點
    Other Titles: Exploring the dynamics of disaster relief system : a complexity theory perspective
    Authors: 劉怡伶;Liu, Yi-Lin
    Contributors: 淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士班
    韓 釗
    Keywords: 救災系統;複雜理論;自我組織;浮現;行為規則;Disaster Relief System;Complexity Theory;Self-organization;Emergence;Behavior Rule
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2011-12-28 18:26:10 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究之焦點為以慈濟佛教基金會的救災系統為研究個案,依據複雜理論所提出的自我組織為基礎,探討慈濟志工救災時的互動關係,並分析慈濟救災的自我組織類型、遵守的行為規則,以及所浮現的模式對救災有何影響,而獲得以下四項主要發現:


    This research is a case study that focuses on the dyamics of the disaster relief system of Tzu Chi Foundation. Based on the concept of self-organization proposed by complexity theorists, this research investigated the interactions among the members of Tzu Chi Foundation when they participated in disaster relief works. By analyzing effects of the behavioral rules as well as the different patterns of self-organization on the performance of disaster relief system of Tzu Chi, the following four major findings are presented:

    First, Tzu Chi has employed both conservative and dissipative self-organization in its disaster relief system so as to better adapt to the demands of different types of disasters. Second, among all the behavioral rules, the value of Tzu Chi is the most common one that affects the behaviors of all people in the disaster relief system. The other rules, on the other hand, tend to have different effects in terms of their domain size, domain density, and longevity. Third, the disaster relief system of Tzu Chi has a structure that combines hierarchy and networks and displays certain features of multi-level marketings. Fourth, the disaster relief system of Tzu Chi keeps on expanding its membership by touching the heart of the victims and attracting them to join Tzu Chi’s volunteer groups.

    Based the research findings stated above, the following suggestions for future research are proposed. First, to investigate the relationships between the rules and patterns of self-organization with computer simulation. Second, to include other cases and study the similarities and differences of self-organization occurred in other groups and organizations. Third, to investigate the links and their effects on information delivery in the disaster relief system according to network theory. Fourth, to investigate the influence of membership outflow on the self-organization of the disaster relief system.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute & Department of Public Administration] Thesis

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