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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/74244

    Title: 臺灣廢印表機回收費率制定問題之探討 : 兩階層規劃之KKT條件與直覺模糊趨近法之比較
    Other Titles: A study of setting the subsidy of waste printers recycling in Taiwan : approaches of KKT conditions and intuitionistic fuzzy sets for Bi-level programming
    Authors: 陳柏宇;Chen, Boris Bor-Yeu
    Contributors: 淡江大學管理科學研究所碩士班
    時序時;Shih, Hsu-Shih
    Keywords: 兩階層數學規劃;廢印表機回收;回收清除處理補貼費率;回收獎勵金;KKT條件;0-1變數變換;模糊趨近法;直覺模糊趨近法;Bi-level Programming;waste printer;Recycling and treatment fee;incentives;KKT condition;0-1 variable transformation;Fuzzy approach;intuitionistic fuzzy sets
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2011-12-28 18:18:02 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究利用兩階層數學規劃 (Bi-level Programming, BLP) 嘗試解決台灣地區廢印表機回收清除處理補貼費率制訂之問題。其中高階為社會福利系統;低階為回收處理業者。由於兩者的目標不一致,透過此模型可反應出其衝突之本質。並且利用 (1) KKT條件(The Karush-Kuhn-Tucker condition)與0-1變數轉換、 (2) 模糊趨近法(Fuzzy approach)以及 (3) 直覺模糊趨近法(Intuitionistic Fuzzy approach),三種轉換方式,希望獲得妥協之最適解,同時分析比較其管理意涵,以提供未來費率修改之參考。
    This research applies bi-level programming to make a decision of the subsidy to recycling industries for waste printers in Taiwan. The upper-level decision unit is design for the social welfare system; the lower-level unit is modeled as the recycling industries. The different and conflict of these two objectives can be simulated by the bi-level programming model. This research solves the model through KKT conditions and 0-1 variable transformation, fuzzy approach and intuitionistic fuzzy approach, and compares the results of these approaches with current subsidy for obtaining a better managerial control.
    Recycling Fund Management Board (RFMB), Environment Protection Administration of ROC Government was founded being responsible for resource recycling. The RFMB levy the fee from responsible manufactures or importers, and give the recycling and treatment fee to the recycling industries. The recycling industries also give the incentives to the populace who come to recycle their wastes. The upper-level, it aims to increase the recycling rate, reduce the recycling and treatment fees of waste printers, and reduce the administrative cost. The goal of the lower-level is to increase their profits. For comparing the managerial control, this research applies KKT conditions and 0-1 variable transformation which are upper-level model; the fuzzy approach and intuitionistic fuzzy approach which is lower-level model.
    As a result, the profits of recycling industries arise when the resources value increase, and the profit are depending on the recycling rate. Besides, the correlation between the incentives and recycling rate are positive. Higher incentives get higher recycling rate, then the profit of recycling industries increased and the environment pollution can be reduced. Thus, this research can improve recycling rate and the circumstance of social welfare system. Lastly, 0-1 programming has larger value for the recycling and treatment fee, but the incentives are lower than fuzzy approach and intuitionistic fuzzy approach. It causes the lower recycling industries profit and recycling rate. The results can be an option for setting the subsidy on waste printers for RFMB.
    Appears in Collections:[管理科學學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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