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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/74123

    Title: La2-xSrxNiO4的電荷條制之X-ray散射研究
    Other Titles: Study of the charge stripes in La2-xSrxNiO4 using X-ray scattering
    Authors: 簡名紀;Jian, Ming-Ji
    Contributors: 淡江大學物理學系碩士班
    杜昭宏;Du, Chao-Hung
    Keywords: 電荷條紋;La2-xSrxNiO4;charge stripe
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2011-12-28 18:06:15 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: La2-xSrxNiO4 (LSNO)是藉由La2NiO4摻雜金屬元素鍶(Sr)所形成的。隨著溫度及摻雜量的變化,LSNO會形成電荷有序排列(charge-ordering)和自旋有序排列(spin-ordering)兩種不同的電子結構排列狀態。此論文是利用X-ray 散射,來研究La2-xSrxNiO4系統中由電荷有序排列所形成的調制結構與Sr含量的關係,也可藉此來探討La2-xSrxNiO4系統由調制結構所產生的相變化。因調製結構的波向量Q與Sr含量有密切相關,所以在摻雜量x=0.33中,電荷與電子自旋調制結構的Q值在某些位置是重疊的。與其它摻雜量相比,其繞射峰的積分強度與半高寬之結果明顯不同,而量測方式的不同,也會導致隨溫度變化的行為曲線有所不同。藉由不同摻雜量間的互相比較,我們觀察到電荷條紋有序排列結構確實會因摻雜量的不同,而導致在降溫過程中產生不同的變化行為。
    La2-xSrxNiO4 (LSNO) is isostructural to the high-Tc superconductor La2-xSrxCuO4 (LSCO), but remains no appearance of superconductivity even up to about 75% contents of Sr. This has been known to be caused by the formation of static charge and spin modulations. As x-rays are sensitive to charges, we report the study of the charge modulation in LSNO as a function of temperature and the concentration of Sr using high resolution x-ray scattering. The transition temperature and wavvector for the formation of charge modulation were observed to be dominated by the concentrations of Sr. In addition, for the optimal doped compound, x~0.33, the evolution of the correlation length as a function of temperature along the L-direction displays an unusual behavior around the transition temperature, suggesting the possible existence of inverse melting.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute & Department of Physics] Thesis

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