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    Title: 國際資本移動對臺灣地區出口產業在美國進口市場競爭力的影響
    Other Titles: The impact of capital and foreign exchange flows on the competitiveness of Taiwan's export industry in the U.S. import market
    Authors: 陳曾椿;Chen, Tseng-Chon
    Contributors: 淡江大學國際企業學系碩士在職專班
    賈昭南;Chia, Chao-Nan
    Keywords: 國際資本移動;外國直接投資;國際競爭力;international capital mobility;Foreign Direct Investment;International competitiveness
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2011-12-28 17:52:20 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 自90年代進入資本全球化時代後,國際資本移動瞬息萬變,資本移出國固然深受資本移出之苦,資本移入國同樣陷入高度不確定的窘境。國際資本移動對接受資本國家的經濟發展究竟是正面或負面?暴衝的資本移動成為資本流出國與流入國均須面對的課題。
    本文以實質匯率概念所計得的出口產業競爭力指標,實證探討1990年至2009年間國際資本移動對台灣國際競爭力之影響,建立迴歸方程式進行分析,結果顯示:
    各項金融變數中除外國直接投資(FDI)外,均與國家競爭力呈現正向變動,其中外人來台證券投資更呈顯著。可見開放而活絡的證券與股票市場,確能提升國家之生產力,進而提昇國際競爭力。而當資本流入分類為外國直接投資,證券投資,債權投資,本文實證結果認為,對於整個樣本,證券投資對台灣國際競爭力影響最強,其次是,組合投資,和債權投資。
    The arriving of globalization during the 1990s has brought about tremendous unexpected adverse effects to the world economy especially those involved with international capital mobility in that not only were the capital outflow nations suffered from losing available resources, the capital receiving nations also confronted with difficulties arising from the sudden reversing in capital flows. Whether the international capital movements benefits or harms the nations involved has been attracted international economists attention.
    This thesis empirically examines the effects of various types of capital inflows, namely, the foreign direct investment (FDI), the two kinds of portfolio investment and the short term financial accommodations to Taiwan on the competitiveness of Taiwan’s exports in the U.S. importing market for the period between 1990 and 2009.
    Empirical estimations have shown that all three types of capital inflows, with the FDI as exception, contribute the improvement in the international competitiveness of Taiwan’s exporting industry while the portfolio foreign investments in Taiwan has generated statistically significant positive effect.
    Appears in Collections:[國際企業學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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