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    題名: 中國大陸住宅調控政策之研究
    其他題名: A study on the housing regulation policy in Mainland China
    作者: 張有存;Chang, Yu-Tsun
    貢獻者: 淡江大學國際商學碩士在職專班
    林宜男
    關鍵詞: 住宅市場;市場供需;市場失靈;調控政策;housing market;Market supply and demand;market failure;regulation policy
    日期: 2011
    上傳時間: 2011-12-28 17:49:49 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 中國大陸早期實施福利住房制度,人民居住房屋由政府無償分配,一直到1998年才開始住宅市場交易制度,雖然住宅市場發展只有短短十幾年,但隨著經濟成長快速、都市化的發展及人口的攀升,對住宅需求越來越大,市場規模日益壯大,價格更是急遽攀升。住宅市場產生公平的問題,為解決此問題,中國政府實施一連串調控政策。
    住宅調控政策包含信貸政策、稅收政策、土地政策及住宅保障政策,在一連串相關政策頒布後,檢討政策住宅市場能否回到正常軌道成為一項重要課題,究竟市場供需狀態是否正常、房屋價格穩定與否、調控政策的方向及力道是否恰當等極需被釐清。
    本文首先探討市場失靈相關理論,建構調控政策必要性及原則,進而藉由探討日本房地產泡沫發生的原因及付出慘痛代價,和新加坡實施「居者有其屋」後獲得的成果,作為討論中國大陸房地產調控政策的借鏡。
    除了理論探討之外,進一步了解中國住宅市場化的歷程及其特殊住宅政策,並探討其目前的住宅市場問題。最後探討中國政府調控政策運行關係流程,了解調控政策主管機關及政策運行流程架構後,再深入探討各項調控政策並提出調控政策淺見與方向,以期完善中國大陸住宅調控政策。
    China welfare housing system for early implementation and people lived free allotted houses by the government until 1998, it was also the beginning of housing market trading system. Although the residential market had been implemented for several years, but the price and demand of housing are changed by a rapid increase with the rapid economic growth, urbanization, rising population and the growth of the market. Therefore, the housing market had fairness problem, in order to solve such kind of problems the government implement a series of regulation policy.

    Housing regulation policies include credit policy, tax policy, land policy and housing security policy. After a series of related policies had been issued, the review of housing market policies can back on track to become an important issue. It needs to be clarified that whether the state of market supply and demand is normal, housing
    prices stable or not, the direction and strength of the regulation policies are appropriate or not.

    At first, this article discusses related theories of market failure and the necessary regulatory principles for developing policies, discussing the causes of pay a painful price in Japanese housing bubble further. Besides, the achievements of "Home Ownership" policy in Singapore will also be discussed and suggested for future housing market policies in Mainland China.

    In addition to theoretical discussion, to understand further the history of the Chinese housing market and special housing policy and to explore the current housing market problems. Finally, we discuss the related path of government regulatory policies and realize the running process of authorized institutions, the humble opinions and proposes of regulation policy will be discussed for improving housing regulation policies in Mainland China.
    顯示於類別:[國際企業學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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