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    题名: 應用高頻率資料提升波動模型預測能力之研究
    其它题名: Improving predictive ability of volatility models with high-frequency data
    作者: 張黃威;Zhang, Huang-Wei
    贡献者: 淡江大學財務金融學系碩士班
    邱建良;Chiu, Chien-Liang
    关键词: 波動估計式;已實現波動率;已實現變幅;已實現雙冪次變異;Volatility estimator;GARCH;realized volatility;Realized range volatility;Realized bipower variation
    日期: 2011
    上传时间: 2011-12-28 17:40:35 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本研究以美國個股(微軟、亞馬遜)、股價指數(S&P 500指數、那斯達克綜合指數)與指數型股票基金(道瓊工業平均指數基金)自2001年1月至2010年5月之日資料為實證標的,探討加入日變幅(PK)、已實現波動率(RV)、已實現變幅(RRV)與已實現雙冪次變異(RBP)等波動估計式對於GARCH模型樣本外預測能力的提升效果。分別以PK及RV作為市場真實波動的代理變數,並採用各種損失函數評估各波動模型的預測績效。
    本文以五分鐘頻率之日內資料來估計RV、RRV與RBP,進一步探討高頻率資料的效果。實證發現,各種波動估計式對GARCH模型波動預測存在不同程度的提升效果,其中又以RV、RRV及RBP等高頻日內資料為基礎之波動估計式表現較佳。而以RV及PK作為真實波動性之代理變數下的預測績效比較結果趨於一致,證明預測結果的穩健性,也另外說明除了RV適合作為真實波動性之代理變數外,PK也是個不錯選擇。
    另外,波動估計式對於提升波動模型預測績效的程度會因標的不同而
    有所差異,本文研究發現在個股方面的提升效果最佳,此結果隱含在波動性較大的標的下更能顯現波動估計式的效果,因此投資者在投資高波動性之金融商品時,可應用波動估計式提升模型的波動性預測績效。
    This paper augments the GARCH models with the PK range, realized volatility (RV), realized range volatility (RRV) and realized bipower variation (RBP). We investigate the impact of these volatility estimators by examining their out-of-sample forecast-improved. The data for our empirical study consists of individual stocks (Amazon and Microsoft), stock indices (S&P 500 and Nasdaq) and exchange traded fund (Dow Jones Industrial Average ETF) price quotes covering the period from 16 January 2001 to 28 May 2010. The forecast performance evaluation is relied on several loss functions and utilizing PK and RV as a proxy for true volatility. RV, RRV and RBP are intraday-based
    Volatilities which are obtained from intraday prices at 5-min frequency. So we can study the effect of high frequency data. Empirical results indicate that all volatility estimators can improve predictive ability. Especially, the inclusion of
    intraday-based volatility measure in GARCH models notably improves forecasts. In most cases, the forecasting performances of models are almost consistent which are robust to alternative proxy measures, indicating that the PK is a useful alternative to the RV since daily high-low price data are readily available for most financial assets.
    Additionally, the degree of incremental predictive content of these volatility estimators varies from the data used. The volatility estimator provides the most incremental predictive content on individual stock. It implies that the volatility estimator can be more advantageous with higher volatility commodity. Thus, market practitioners can exploit the information content implied by these volatility estimators to improve forecast accuracy of models when they invest in financial instruments with higher volatility.
    显示于类别:[財務金融學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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