在激烈的全球化的競爭中，中國被公認為世界最強大的出口力量，本研究旨在概觀中國對外貿易如何影響拉丁美洲經濟的金融發展。利用17個拉丁美洲國家期間從1982至2009的年資料樣本，以及根據學者Pesaran 等人 (1999)所提出的Pooled Mean Group(PMG)研究法之異質縱橫迴歸(heterogeneous panel regression)。關於中國和拉丁美洲間既有的貿易關係，對拉丁美洲國家的金融發展有正面且顯著的影響之論點，本研究僅提供有限之支持證據。這些發現也顯示貿易開放對於拉丁美洲經濟體的金融發展，扮演重要的正面角色。且依據Huang和Temple(2005)的結論，由於拉丁美洲國家並非高所得國家，其經濟發展的水準的確對這些國家之金融發展有正面影響。 In a context of intense globalization where China is acclaimed as the largest export power in the world, this study takes place to offer an overview on how China’s foreign trade affects Latin American financial development. Using annual data from 17 Latin American economies observed over the period 1982-2009 and a heterogeneous panel regression based on a the Pooled Mean Group (PMG) approach of Pesaran et al. (1999), this analysis provides limited evidence to support that the existing trade connection between China and Latin America has positive and significant impact on financial development in Latin American countries. The findings also reveal that trade openness plays an important and positive role in the financial development in Latin American economies. According to the conclusion of Huang and Temple (2005), there is also evidence that the economic development level of the Latin American countries does have a positive influence on their financial development since they are not high-income countries.