本研究旨在建構國小學童理想的未來關鍵能力。研究者彙整十位現職正式國小教師對可能未來的想像後，利用雙變項情節分析法勾勒出國小教師眼中的多種可能未來，再根據多種可能未來中理想未來、與符合理想未來所得之關鍵能力的內容，輔以未來學學者、歐美組織/國家與臺灣官方提出的關鍵能力，建構出理想的國小學童未來關鍵能力。 本研究提出六個國小學童理想的未來關鍵能力： 一、自我管理與認同，主動分享與付出的能力； 二、與他人有效互動，創造民主和諧社會的能力； 三、善用科技，了解科技的影響的能力； 四、追求經濟發展，共同創造與創新的能力； 五、尊重自然，欣賞多元文化的能力； 六、擁有快樂生活與彈性應變能力。 The purpose of this research is to construct an ideal set of key competencies for the future of elementary school pupils. The researcher first collected images of probable futures from ten elementary school teachers. Double variable method was then utilized to obtain the alternative futures and, subsequently, the preferred futures from these teachers. Finally, the researcher constructed ideal key competencies for the future of elementary school students based on the following factors: (1) the preferred futures and the key competencies put forward by the teacher respondents, (2) key competencies proposed by scholars in futures studies, and (3) key competencies suggested by certain organizations/nations and by Taiwan administration. This research proposes a set of six key competencies for the future of elementary school students. They are: 1. The competency to manage and to identify oneself and to be willing to share and devote; 2. The competency to interact effectively with others and to create a democratic and harmony society; 3. The competency to utilize information technology efficiently and to understand the impact of technology; 4. The competency to pursue personal economic development and to love creating and innovating with others; 5. The competency to respect nature and to appreciate multi-cultures; and 6. The competency to maintain a happy life and to be flexible and adaptable.