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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/73853

    Title: 新北市國民中學學校規模之變動及相關因素之研究
    Other Titles: A study on the influence factors and the change of junior high school size in New Taipei City
    Authors: 廖菁芬;Liao, Ching-Fen
    Contributors: 淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班
    楊朝祥;Yung, Chaur-Shin
    Keywords: 學校規模變動;學校效能因素;學校背景因素;家長教育選擇權;the change of junior high school size;school effectiveness factors;context factors;Parent education option
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2011-12-28 17:19:42 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究主旨在了解新北市國民中學學校規模變動的情形,並探討不同規模變化之學校是否存在差異。研究對象為99學年度新北市公立國中,其研究目的如下:
    一、 了解新北市國民中學學校規模變化的情形。
    二、 比較不同規模變動之國民中學其相關因素之差異
    三、 歸納研究結果,提出具體建議,供教育行政單位、學校辦學及未來研究參考。
    為了達到研究目的,本研究先採普查方式取得新北市國民中學學校規模變動歷年統計資料,再以分層隨機抽樣抽出受訪教師填寫問卷,及以電話或親自到訪的方式,完成校長和家長會會長的問卷填答。教師問卷共發出559份,回收507份,可用問卷429份;校長卷57和家長卷54份,全數回收。學校現況資料以Excel 2010輸入建檔後,再繪製成統計圖表,進行分析。問卷資料建檔後以SPSS 13.0統計套裝軟體執行百分比、平均數、標準差、單因子變數分析、卡方考驗之分析處裡,獲得以下結論:
    一、 依據研究結果可將新北市國民中學學校規模變動之類型分為五類,分為規模成長型、規模穩定型、規模萎縮型、規模先增後減型和規模先減後增型等五類型,其中以規模萎縮型佔最大比例。
    二、 規模成長型的學校在校舍新穎與獲得上級補助方面,優於規模萎縮型學校。
    三、 規模成長型的學校在校長領導、教師教學準備與發展校本課程方面,得分較高。
    四、 規模成長型的學校在學校聲望與社區關係方面,得分較高。而規模萎縮型學校則在學生學為常規方面,得分較高。
    五、 一般而言,社區人口增加則該區學校規模大都屬成長型,反之,人口減少者,以規模萎縮型居多。
    一、 新北市國民中學宜重視教育資源分配之公平,避免校際差距過大。
    二、 學校規模變化為萎縮型之學校宜更重視各項教育條件的提升,以改善學生流失的現象。
    三、 學校規模變化為穩定型之學校以在穩定中求發展,注重歷程育成果,避免淪為缺乏競爭力的學校。
    四、 學校規模變化為成長型之學校效能因素上皆具相對優勢,宜持續保持現有優勢,提升學校特色,並致力經驗分享。
    五、 規模變化為先增後減型之學校,宜找出減少之原因,力求改進,贏回家長之信心。規模變動為先減後增型之學校,宜找出增加之原因,並致力於創新經營績效,來爭取更多的認同。
    六、 進一步研究之建議:本研究在了解學校規模變化部分,以新北市公立國民中學為研究對象,未來宜再深入探討,擴大研究對象與範圍。本研究以探究影響學校規模變動的相關因素為主,對於家庭背景因素及社區社經背景因素,未考慮在內,研究中發現該二項因素在某些地區,有著很大的影響力,例如:原住民、新住民學生佔大比例的學校等。建議未來研究可以考慮加入,以增加深度與廣度。
    The purpose of the study was to investigate the change of junior high school size as well as its related factors over past ten years (2001~2010). A survey research was conducted with questionnaires. The subjects totaled fifty seven principles, five hundred and fifty nine teachers and fifty four parents were sampled from the public junior high schools located in New Taipei City. This author analyzed these data with descriptive statistic, one way ANOVA, Chi-square test and made following conclusions:
    1. According to the change of school size, the junior high schools in New Taipei City can be grouped into five types that are recessional school, stable school, expanded school, increases after first- reduces school and reduces after first- increases school. The recessional schools are in the majority.
    2. The five types are different in some of the input factors. The expanded-school-type has superiority in school buildings and government grants; while, the recessional-school-type has inferiority in school buildings, government grants and parents subsidy.
    3. The five types are different in some of the process factors. The expanded-school-type has superiority in principle leadership and the numbers of subject curriculum teacher and the budget of developing school-base curriculum.
    4. The five types are different in some of the outcome factors. The expanded-school-type has superiority in school reputation and community relationships; while the recessional-school-type also has superiority in student behavior routines.
    5. The five types schools are partial different in context factors. There are more and more populations in expanded schools distract and get more and more transfer students in; on the contrary, the recessional schools distract get less and less populations and more and more student transfer out.
    Based on the study findings, some suggestion were made as follows:
    1. The government should pay more attention to the equity of resource allocation, and try to avoid discrimination.
    2. The recessional schools should pay more attention to get more resource in order to slow down the student loss.
    3. The stable schools should develop in situation, and pay more attention to educational process and outcome factor.
    4. The expanded schools have superiority in school effectiveness factors and context factors. These schools should go on working hard to keep superiority, and share their experience with other schools.
    5. The increases after first- reduces school and the reduces after first- increases school have to find out the reasons for increases or reduces. Adopting the improvement strategy change the reduced present situation or maintains superiority which increases.
    6. According to the study findings, the author made some suggestions to further research as follows. The purpose of the study should make further disscuss and expand object of study and scope. The purposes of the study are multi-dimensional. Regarding the family background factors and community society factors have not be considered but were influenced more by them during the research. For example, the student of native Taiwanses or immigrant residents occupies the majority schools may consider to join the study.
    Appears in Collections:[Master's Program, Graduate Institute of Educational Policy and Leadership] Thesis

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