Educational equality is the important pathway to show social justice. Many researches in domestic and foreign show that accessibility and affordability are the significant indicators to inspect equality of education in these years. Therefore, this thesis aims to explore the accessibility and affordability of higher education after its expansion, as well as the increase of the net schooling ratio and the amount of students continuing in the higher education in Taiwan. The accessibility study is intended to find out that whether a student’s family background influences his/her opportunity to enter a higher education institution. Furthermore, the affordability study addresses whether the sky-rocketing tuitions resulting from the government’s financial difficulty and tightening higher education expenditures will affect the financial ability of public and private students.
This study utilized the method of questionnaire survey editing by myself “ The questionnaire of a study of accessibility and affordability of students upon the higher education opportunity - after higher education expanding in Taiwan.” after being corrected by experts and selecting fourteen higher education institutions for surveying. The survey sampled 11,544 and 9,145 effective questionnaires with a return rate 87%. The descriptive statistics tools used in the survey data are Frequencies tables and Chi-square test.
Based on the results of this survey, the following conclusions were reached:
1.The student’s accessibility is not in conformity with the ideal; among the factors, such as student’s gender, parents’ socioeconomic status, household’s locality and structure, as well as diverse admission routes affect a student’s opportunity to enter higher education.
2.The affordability among the students who attend public/private or occupational school and education costs are medium correlation. Most of the students’ education costs (including tuitions and living expenses) are provided by the family.
3.After Higher Education expanding in Taiwan, students’ accessibility and affordability can be made better.
Based on the aforementioned results, suggestions for Taiwan government, higher education institutions and future studies have been proposed, as follows:
1.Attach much weight to effect of parental socioeconomic status for access opportunity.
2.Emphasize publicize the government''s aid policies and simplify the process of applying for an allowance.
3.Balanced the tuition fees between public and private higher education institutions and increase scholarship in private school.
4.Improve the student loan system.
5.Promote industry-university Cooperation, increase students’ experience and get the part-time job easier.