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    題名: 臺灣高等教育擴充後學生接受高等教育機會可接近性及可負擔性之研究
    其他題名: A study of accessibility and affordability of students upon the higher education opportunity : after higher education expanding in Taiwan
    作者: 陸亭宇;Lu, Ting-Yu
    貢獻者: 淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士班
    蓋浙生;Gai, Che-Sheng
    關鍵詞: 高等教育;可接近性;可負擔性;教育公平;Higher education;Accessibility;affordability;educational equality
    日期: 2011
    上傳時間: 2011-12-28 17:19:10 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 教育公平為體現社會正義的重要途徑,而近年國內外皆以學生可接近性與可負擔性作為教育公平的重要檢核指標。是以,本研究欲探討台灣高等教育擴充後,淨在學率提升並邁入普及化後,學生的家庭背景是否會影響學生進入高等教育機構的機會,其可接近性為何;另在政府財政困頓,高等教育經費緊縮的背景下,學雜費逐年高漲,是否影響公私立學校的學生之就學成本的經濟負擔來源,其可負擔性又為何。



    Educational equality is the important pathway to show social justice. Many researches in domestic and foreign show that accessibility and affordability are the significant indicators to inspect equality of education in these years. Therefore, this thesis aims to explore the accessibility and affordability of higher education after its expansion, as well as the increase of the net schooling ratio and the amount of students continuing in the higher education in Taiwan. The accessibility study is intended to find out that whether a student’s family background influences his/her opportunity to enter a higher education institution. Furthermore, the affordability study addresses whether the sky-rocketing tuitions resulting from the government’s financial difficulty and tightening higher education expenditures will affect the financial ability of public and private students.

    This study utilized the method of questionnaire survey editing by myself “ The questionnaire of a study of accessibility and affordability of students upon the higher education opportunity - after higher education expanding in Taiwan.” after being corrected by experts and selecting fourteen higher education institutions for surveying. The survey sampled 11,544 and 9,145 effective questionnaires with a return rate 87%. The descriptive statistics tools used in the survey data are Frequencies tables and Chi-square test.

    Based on the results of this survey, the following conclusions were reached:
    1.The student’s accessibility is not in conformity with the ideal; among the factors, such as student’s gender, parents’ socioeconomic status, household’s locality and structure, as well as diverse admission routes affect a student’s opportunity to enter higher education.
    2.The affordability among the students who attend public/private or occupational school and education costs are medium correlation. Most of the students’ education costs (including tuitions and living expenses) are provided by the family.
    3.After Higher Education expanding in Taiwan, students’ accessibility and affordability can be made better.

    Based on the aforementioned results, suggestions for Taiwan government, higher education institutions and future studies have been proposed, as follows:
    1.Attach much weight to effect of parental socioeconomic status for access opportunity.
    2.Emphasize publicize the government''s aid policies and simplify the process of applying for an allowance.
    3.Balanced the tuition fees between public and private higher education institutions and increase scholarship in private school.
    4.Improve the student loan system.
    5.Promote industry-university Cooperation, increase students’ experience and get the part-time job easier.
    顯示於類別:[教育政策與領導研究所] 學位論文


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