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    Title: 大臺北地區機構社會工作人員幸福感之探討
    Other Titles: The exploration of the sense of happiness among social workers in Taipei metropolitan area
    Authors: 溫文傑;Wun, Wen-Jie
    Contributors: 淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班
    林淑萍;Lin, Shu-Ping
    Keywords: 社工人員;社會支持;人格特質;幸福感;Social workers;social support;Personality;happiness
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2011-12-28 17:16:59 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究旨在探討大台北地區機構社工人員幸福感之現況及與社會支持、人格特質三者的相關。為達研究目的,本研究採取問卷調查法及立意取樣的方式,以大台北地區機構社工人員作業研究樣本,共發出有效樣本共計409份。問卷填寫以描述性統計、單因子變異數分析、Pearson積差相關、逐步多元迴歸等方法來進行統計分析。
    研究結果如下:
    一、大台北地區機構社工人員幸福感呈現中間偏下。
    二、大北地區機構社工人員社會支持來源,以「家人社會支持」最高,而以「督導社會支持」最低。
    三、大台北地區機構社工人員社會支持類型,以「情緒支持」最高,而以「工具支持」最低。
    四、大台北地區機構社工人員社會支持來源與類型中,以「家人情緒支持」最高,而以「督導工具支持」最低。
    五、大台北地區機構社工人員之人格特質傾向於和善性。
    六、大台北地區機構社工人員的幸福感會因年齡、學歷、婚姻狀態、工作年資、宗教信仰有顯著差異。
    七、大台北地區機構社工人員的整體社會支持與幸福感具顯著相關。
    八、大台北地區機構社工人員之人格特質中外向性、開放性、和善性及嚴謹性與幸福感有顯著的正相關。
    九、大台北地區機構社工人員之社會支持與人格特質能有效解釋幸福感,其中以人格特質中「外向性」人格對於幸福感表現預測最大。
    最後,研究結論,提供相關建議作為社會工作人員與社會福利機構未來研究之參考。
    The mental health issue has been wildly investigated in psychology(e.g., Diener, 1984; Smith, 2008). However, the research on the general psychological well-being among social workers has remained scarce, especially in Taiwan. Therefore, the study aimed to explore the relations among the sense of happiness, perceived social support, and personality traits among social workers in Taiwan. There were 409 social workers from various work sites in Taipei metropolitan area participated in this study. The results of this study indicated:
    1.The sense of happiness among social workers in Taipei metropolitan area was below average (M=2.22; SD=.417). The sense of happiness varies due to their age, education degree, marriage status, work seniority, and religious belief.
    2.Among the sources of social support (family, colleagues, and supervisors ), support from family ranked the highest(M=3.49; SD=.709); while the support from the supervisors scored the lowest(M=2.96; SD=.676).In terms of types of social support (emotion, evaluation, and information), emotion support ranked the highest (M=3.54; SD=.531),evaluation support the second(M=2.62;SD=.365),and instrumental support the lowest(M=2.14; SD=3.68).Together,the emotion support from family (M=3.69; SD=.830)
    provided the best support for social workers in general; while the instrumental support from supervisor scored the lowest (M=2.35; SD=.712).

    3.Social workers, in general, exhibited rather agreeableness(M=4.69; SD=.628), conscientious(M=.451; SD=.636), extraverted(M=4.25; SD=.725), open(M=4.28; SD=.662), personality traits than neurotic characteristics(M=3.44; SD=695).

    4.There are positive correlation between the sense of happiness and social support (r=.302; p<.01), regardless types and sources of social support, among social workers.

    5.In terms of personality traits, the sense of happiness are positively correlated to extraversion (r=.499; p<.01), openness((r=.483; p<.01),conscientiousness (r=.383; p<.01), and agreeableness (r=.419; p<.01); and negatively correlated to neuroticism (r=-.340; p<.01).
    Appears in Collections:[教育心理與諮商研究所] 學位論文

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