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|Other Titles: ||Policy on teenagers' unemployment/employment in Spain|
|Authors: ||李冠諭;Li, Kuan-Yu|
|Keywords: ||西班牙失業;青少年;社會排除;就業政策;Unemployment in Span;Teenagers;Social Exclusion;Employment Policy|
|Issue Date: ||2011-12-28 17:15:27 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: ||全球經濟籠罩著不景氣，西班牙就業狀況越來越低瀰，尤其是肩負著國家重責大任的年輕人，失業率卻比其他群體甚劇，造成社會莫大的隱憂；同時，一個社會倘若無法提供年輕人機會，也將導致人力資源的浪費，影響一國的經濟建設和社會發展步伐。正值工作年齡的年輕人不再積極找工作，自動退出亦或是遭到勞動市場排除，西班牙人稱這批新的失業年輕人是「Ni-Ni世代」( ni estudiar y ni trabajar )，意即沒有在學校受教育，也沒有正式工作，更沒有去接受職業訓練培訓，必頇依靠父母生活的青年人。|
While the economic crisis storms throughout all the nations worldwide, employment condition in Spain goes from bad to worse; especially of those who takes a bunch amount of responsibilities for the public, teenagers’ employement
rate in Spain severely higher than other groups of age, which cause a great secret worry in the society. Meanwhile, if a society cannot offer opportunities to the teenage’s, it would also lead to a unesserary surplus of human resource, which could have a bad effect on economy construction and social development. In Spain, teenagers who passively look for a job or quit a job whether voluntaryly or not, are called by a byword "ni estudiar y ni trabajar", which means a person who neither attends to school education nor has a regular job, even nor accepts any before-career-training, and needs to rely on his/her parents for living.
As one of the members of EU, unemployment problem not only occurs in Spain but also in other EU member countries. In order to resolve the current unemployment situation, Spain accepted the employment resolution offered by EU, whose instruction regulars would change its domestic employment policy and adjust its original principle; besides, Spain also obeyed the co-policy regulated by EU in a certain level. In Spain, the development of social welfare security system has always been a key point discussed in public policy agenda. However, to Spain, an aggressive labor force market will be an advantage to the policy which changes from passive unemployment rescue to aggressively offering employment resolution program. The policy closer connects unemployment insurance system with before-job-training together, and gradually transfers welfare-providing to job-providing, which makes teenagers quickly re-enter job market and helps them free from social exclusion.
By taking Spain, whose unemployment rate has long been a problem, as an example, we can clearly discuss the probable aspects that cause the unemployment problem. Moreover, it’s also worth observing that how Spain governments improve current unemployment circumstances and how they effectively solve the embarrassing situation. After all, whether a country has a prosperous economy closely depends on whether it has a stable employment environment.
|Appears in Collections:||[歐洲研究所] 學位論文|
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