淡江大學機構典藏:Item 987654321/73816
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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/73816

    Title: 英國維多利亞女王時期之外交政策
    Other Titles: The foreign policy during Queen Victoria
    Authors: 黃宜萱;Huang, Yi-Hsuan
    Contributors: 淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班
    林立;Lin, Li
    Keywords: 維多利亞女王;帕默斯頓;狄斯雷利;格雷史東;鴉片戰爭;克里米亞戰爭;波爾戰爭;Queen Victoria;Palmerston;Disraeli;Gladstone;Opium War;Crimean War;Boer War
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2011-12-28 17:12:26 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 英國維多利亞女王在位期間是一個非常重要的時期,不僅僅是在英國的內政上有許多重大的改革法案,在文化、藝術等等都有非常良好的發展。外交上也有許多的發展,除了擁有非常龐大的殖民地之外,對外的戰爭也從中獲取許多利益。在此我們可以注意到的是,英國這時期正是立憲君主制,首相的權力擴大,君主的地位已經受到限制,所以在維多利亞女王時期的首相是非常重要的,因為他們也決定了英國的對外政策。
    During the reign of the British Queen Victoria, it’s a very important period. It is well-developed in arts and cultures. There are not only lots of significant policies, in Britain domestically, but diplomatically, the UK government has gained numerous colonies and many interests from wars. We can realize that the UK is constitutional monarchy, the prime minister has the absolute power, while the power of the king or queen is limited. As a result, prime ministers play very important role in this period, they decide the foreign policy of UK.

    There are three typical prime ministers, John Palmerston, Benjamin Disraeli, and William Gladstone. This thesis analyzes the life background of the three prime ministers. When they face different foreign affairs in the future, what foreign policy will they adopt? What are the most remarkable behaviors in their politic career? And we can know that how these three prime ministers insist on their policies, and bring huge interests for UK. The thesis about the foreign effort during the period of Queen Victory mainly discuss on Opium War, Crimean War, and Boer Wars. We can see what foreign policy UK use in three wars. In addition to the debates in the UK parliament, we can realize in which angles did these three ministers used the most advantageous policies for UK.
    After the Napoleon war, the Foreign Minister of Austrian Empire, Klemens von Metternich holds Congress of Vienna. This is a very meaningful congress for Europe at that time. It changes the original system of Europe, and it forms the congress system. Also, the concept of “balance of power” is very important. In this time, UK not only uses the balance of power in Europe, but takes advantages of their geography positions. UK chooses the most advantageous way to put their foreign policies into practice, and uses the Isolationism very well. Besides, due to the industrial revolution in 19 century in Europe, the mercantilism is prevailed, and the large market demand of original materials, the imperialism reaches its climax. UK not only use imperialism, but use the policy of isolation and “balance of power”, as a result, they gain as many colonies and interests as they can from every wars, and they become the British Empire, on which the sun never set.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of European Studies] Thesis

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