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    Title: La política exterior del presidente Nicaragüense Daniel Ortega Saavedra (1985-1990,2007-2010)
    Other Titles: 尼加拉瓜奧蒂嘉總統外交政策之分析(1985-1990,2007-2010)
    Foreign policy of Nicaraguan president Daniel Ortega Saavedra (1985-1990,2007-2010)
    Authors: 吳怡萱;Wu, Yi-Hsuan
    Contributors: 淡江大學拉丁美洲研究所碩士班
    白方濟;Perez, Francisco Luis
    Keywords: 外交政策;尼加拉瓜總統;奧蒂嘉;美尼關係;桑定主義者;桑定諾民族解放陣線;Foreign policy;Nicaraguan president;Daniel Ortega;Relation U.S-Nicaragua;Sandinista;FSLN;Politica exterior;Presidente nicaraguense;Relacion EE.UU.-Nicaragua
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2011-12-28 17:10:02 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 尼加拉瓜為中美洲最窮的國家,也是最依賴外援在國際中求得生存的國家。而且它有一個強有力的領導者,維護了他的政治熱情,直到他十六年後的重新掌權,也就是這篇論文的主角:尼加拉瓜總統奧爾特加薩維德拉。

    在他第一任期1985-1990年期間,面對國際以及國內環境強大的挑戰。由於奧爾特加曾到古巴接受革命訓練,深受古巴總統菲德爾卡斯特羅的革命思想-社會主義和反帝國主義影響。在這期間,尼加拉瓜此期間在兩大強權美國、蘇聯所領導的兩大集團中生存著。

    而到了第二任期,2007年至今,社會主義力量的削弱結束了兩個大國之間的緊張關係。與此相反,世界從兩極體系成為單極體系,也奠定了美國在世界中超級強國的地位。

    根據霍斯蒂的外交決策理論,我們可以得知外交政策的決定,是根據當時內部和外部環境來決定相對應的價值和利益,會隨著環境而有所調整國家整體策略的方向,由以上因素來產生一系列的結果和決策。

    因此,以此理論為基礎,探討奧蒂嘉在前後兩任總統任期,所發生的歷史事件,以及伴隨著尼加拉瓜內部錯綜複雜的政治關係,來觀察奧蒂嘉總統外交政策的發展,以及和美國或是其他盟國的外交關係發展。
    Nicaragua, the poorest country in Central America, is also the country most dependent on external assistance to live in the international environment. And it has a strong leader, who maintained his passion for politics until his return to power after 16 years, the protagonist of this research: Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega Saavedra.

    In his first term in 1985-1990, faced strong challenges from the outside environment and the interior. As Daniel Ortega had gone to Cuba to receive training and was influenced by revolutionary ideology of Fidel Castro''s socialist and anti-imperialist. During the last years of Cold War, Nicaragua lived between the power of two superpowers: the United States (U.S.) and the Soviet Union (USSR).

    And in his second term, 2007 to the present, the power of the socialist world was weakening and ended the tension between the two powers. In contrast, the bipolar world became unipolar world, strengthening the position of world superpower- the United States. According to the theory of decision making Holsti, it is possible that the overall direction or strategy of a country ends up with only one option, but continues to adjust the object, the value and interest that suit the environment inside or outside and the results produced are a sequence of policies.

    This paper examines the history and major cases, along with the intricate political relationship between Nicaragua, the United States and allied countries of Nicaragua. And there is the development of foreign policy by Daniel Ortega Saavedra.
    Appears in Collections:[拉丁美洲研究所] 學位論文

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