危機管理四階段論廣泛用於災害風險管理上，分為災前的減災和備災，以及災後的應變和復原。災害風險管理下更細分為災害和災害脆弱性的定義，同時也探究海地的災害脆弱性，比較地震規模比海地大的智利地震何以只遭受輕微的傷害。由於窮困海地在災後極度需要國際社會和聯合國的援手，因此也在災後階段導入人道救援工作。 As the Earth''s crust shifted in the late afternoon of 12 January 2010, the country''s poorly-constructed buildings disintegrated, leaving many of the 222,570 victims entombed. Because of poor social condition, Haiti needs international society’s humanitarian assistance, above all is United Nations role. This thesis focuses on UN disaster risk management, humanitarian assistance and review UN work.
This copy uses Human Development Index of United Nations Development Programme and Corruption Perceptions Index of Transparency International to drawn the outline of poor Haiti, and gives explanation.
Because of Haiti Earthquake of 2010, the biggest humanitarian action in recently years, is the principal axis of this thesis, it copy contains definition of disaster and disaster vulnerabilty to compare earthquake of Chile and of Haiti in same year. For phases in disaster risk management is a standard module to minimize disasters triggered by natural hazards, so we review UN mitigation and preparedness in Haiti, in phases of response and of recovery we import humanitarian assistance to review UN reconstruction result.