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|Other Titles: ||A study on US oil strategy and the war of Iraq, 2003-2008|
|Authors: ||劉子驥;Liu, Zhi-Ji|
|Keywords: ||伊拉克戰爭;石油戰略;地緣政治;國家重建;Iraq war;Oil Strategy;Geopolitics;Nation Reconstruction|
|Issue Date: ||2011-12-28 17:07:01 (UTC+8)|
The Bush administration of the United States has launched the Iraq War on 2003, and caused a profound impact to the geopolitical situation of the Middle East area. This is not only the second large-scale war of US ever launched of the 21st century''s, but also the second war by the name of “Anti-Terrorism.” But generally believed that anti-terrorism is not its main purpose but only an excuse, the US’ real aim should be the rich oil resources of Iraq.
Iraq is a new country established after the World War II by the British Empire, and its purpose was using the conflicts between Arabian tribes and Islamic branches, so they must rely on foreign forces to maintain the emirs’ regime, and serve for the oil strategy of colonial empire. As the successor of British Empire, United States not only continued to use the complex geopolitics here for its profit, but also strengthened the control of the Middle East area for the oil resources.
But during this Iraq War, US could not find any evidence that the Saddam Hussein’s administration holding or making Weapons of Massive Destruction or the connection between Iraq and international terrorists, so US government turned to claim their purpose is to implement the democracy and reconstruct Iraq. But because the US government underestimated the complication of the conflicts between religion branches and races, so the reconstruction progressed slowly until 2008. In political side, the election was hold without a sound civil society, so the new government’s popular support was weak, legislature was also inefficient, and corruption was rampant. In security side, the factional strife and terrorism activities occurred almost endlessly. In economical side, because of the poor political and security environment, the infrastructure reconstruction progressed slowly, and the crude oil production could not be recovered to previous output. Overall, the situation of reconstructing Iraq is still deteriorating.
The Bush administration used force in Iraq to carry out its oil strategy, but the result was making the extremely complex geopolitical situation here more confusing. And the failure of Iraq reconstruction led this area’s security environment to further deterioration. If United States makes any mistakes dealing with the aftermath, the Middle East area would not only serves the US oil strategy no more, but also becomes the heavy burden of US national Strategy.
|Appears in Collections:||[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文|
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