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    Title: 中華民國空軍戰略轉變之研究(1988-2010) : 以戰略思考觀點分析
    Other Titles: A research on the strategy change of R.O.C. air force (1988-2010) : in the view of strategic thinking analysis
    Authors: 戴漢川;Tai, Han-Chuan
    Contributors: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士在職專班
    施正權;Shih, Cheng-chuan
    Keywords: 空軍戰略;戰略思考;不決戰;戰力保存;決戰境外;Air force strategy;strategy thinking;not decisive battle;war capability keep;decisive battle offshore
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2011-12-28 17:06:16 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 在「反攻大陸」口號震天價響的時代中,中華民國的軍事戰略,瀰漫在「大陸軍主義」思維中,空軍並無主動地位,然在歷經「攻勢作戰」、「攻守一體」、「守勢防衛」、「積極防衛」及「守勢防衛」等五個時期,我國國防政策與軍事戰略的演變後,基於對現代高科技戰爭型態的體認,我國空軍的發展已漸能跳脫「支援陸、海軍作戰」角色,並能獨自呈現具體且明確的「空軍戰略」。
    1988年後至2000年間是中華民國空軍戰略發展的機遇期,事實上經過檢視,就內部環境而言,此時期,我國於1992年因應時空環境轉變,首度針對全面性拒止進襲共軍的作戰思維,進行戰略性檢討,最後確立:「台灣地區防衛作戰首重制空、制海」的用兵原則;另1995年則提出「防衛固守,有效嚇阻」軍事戰略構想,確立「制空、制海、反登陸」建軍備戰的順序;就外在環境而言,則有來自於「現代高科技戰爭型態的來臨」、「世界軍事革命的風潮」的啟發及中共「攻防兼備」、「首戰即決戰」空軍戰略威脅的催化;我空軍由於上述因素,戰略地位在此時有別於軍事戰略「攻勢作戰」、「攻守一體」時期,獲得顯著的重視及提升。而這樣有利於空軍戰略發展的環境及因素,促使中華民國空軍此期間在建軍備戰上,獲得了關係戰力提升的重要武器,來積極回應此戰略環境的變化。
    2008年馬英九總統主政後,因應兩岸關係新形勢的發展,軍事戰略由「積極防衛」調整為「守勢防衛」,然此時空軍戰略,面對中共空軍制空能力大幅增強及其「攻防兼備」戰略所造成戰力失衡的威脅,已有空防崩潰的危機。面對當前「敵眾我寡」、「敵強我弱」的戰略劣勢,期待我國軍及空軍決策者,能以符合總體、務實、主動、前瞻之戰略思維,建構足以「以寡擊眾」「以弱勝強」的空軍戰略,以扭轉危局。
    As the slogan“Strike Back to Mainland China”is pervading the world, the military strategy is intoxicated with the thinking of “Great Army Principle”;the ROC Air Force (ROCAF) has no initiatives either. Our national defense policy and military strategy has realized the entity of modern and high-tech warfare after experienced the five stages such as“Offensive Operations”,“Integrated Operations”,“ Defensive Offensive”,“Active Defense” and “Defensive Offensive”,and the ROCAF has broke away from the role of“Ground/Surface Support”to present a concrete and explicit“Air Force Strategy”.
    The ROCAF has a strategic development period called the opportunity phase from 1988 to 2000. Due to the internal environment change, military authorities has reviewed a comprehensive confrontation tactics in 1992, and issued a Taiwan defensive principle for priority “Air Supremacy and Maritime Supremacy”. In 1995, they announced a “Tenacious Defense and Effective Blocking” strategic to valid the “Air Supremacy, Maritime Supremacy and Anti-Landing” arming sequence. Besides, the enlightenment of “High-Tech Warfare”, “The Worldwide Trend of Military Revolution” and the intimidation of PLAAF’s“Integrated perations”, ”First Battle As Decisive Battle” strategy have speed up the ROCAF Strategic position to differ from the military strategy such as “Offensive Operation” and “Integrated Operations”, therefore, it obtained a valuable improvement. Thus the ROCAF received crucial weapon that promote their war potential to deal with any future situations.
    In 2008, President Ma, Ying-Geou adjusted the military strategy from “Active Defense” to “Defensive Defense” to manage the new situation between the cross-strait relationship. ROCAF had encountered impact of air superiority because of the significant strengthening of PLAAF air power and its “Integrated Operations”strategy. To confront the challenges unfavorable position that “The Enemy Is More and We Are Less”,“The Enemy is Strong and We Are Weak”, we eagerly expect that the Decision Makers of National Defense and ROCAF could integrate an overall, concrete, active, perspective strategy thinking to construct a “Pit the few against the many”, “Fight against numerically superior enemy” Air Force strategy to reverse the inferior trend.
    Appears in Collections:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文

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