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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/73771

    Title: 吉爾吉斯政治改革之研究(1990-2010)
    Other Titles: The study of political reform in Kyrgyzstan (1990-2010)
    Authors: 李佩螢;Lee, Pei-Ying
    Contributors: 淡江大學俄羅斯研究所碩士班
    彼薩列夫;Lee, Pei-Ying
    Keywords: 吉爾吉斯;鬱金香革命;政權更迭;國家轉型;Kyrgyzstan;Tulip Revolution;Political Transition
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2011-12-28 17:02:41 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 蘇聯解體提供吉爾吉斯走向民主舞台的契機,同時也為領導人帶來改革的挑戰。阿斯卡爾‧阿卡耶夫(Askar Akayev)期望將吉爾吉斯建立成「中亞的瑞士」,他執政後積極堆動政治與經濟改革,但其民主化帶有集權的痕跡,政府貪污腐敗,人民生活貧困;2005年受顏色革命浪潮之影響,吉國發生「鬱金香革命」,阿卡耶夫政治的生涯也隨之結束。2010年,適逢鬱金香革命滿五年之際,吉爾吉斯政權又再次更迭,庫爾曼別克‧巴基耶夫(Kurmanbek Bakiyev)流亡海外,讓這個中亞小國又再度成為國際焦點。
    蘇聯的統治對吉爾吉斯之政治、經濟或是社會各方面皆留下深刻的影響。獨立後的吉爾吉斯進入轉型過渡時期,開始民主化的政治制度、激烈的經濟改革與大規模私有化;這一切看似民主自由的改革政策,經過了近二十年的改革,似乎一再將吉爾吉斯拉回過去,政治權力更為集中、經濟停滯不前。2005年「鬱金香革命」 (Tulip Revolution)後,2010年又再次爆發政權轉移事件,在如此短暫時間之內,何以吉爾吉斯政局頻繁變動不斷,其因值得探究。
    The collapse of the USSR provided Kyrgyzstan with the opportunity to move towards democracy. Meanwhile, it also brought the challenges of political and economic reforms. Askar Akayev expected to build Kyrgyzstan as Switzerland of the Central Asia through its reconstruction and lead Kyrgyzstan transform into a market orientated democracy. Akayev quickly conducted the important large political and economic reforms after the independence of his country.

    Being a newly independent country, Kyrgyzstan proceeded to democratic politics, economic reforms policies and large-scale privatization. Affected by the wave of democratization, color revolution also occurred in Kyrgyzstan. Kurmanbek Bakiyev at this time got the chance to start his political career after Tulip revolution. However, after nearly two decades of reform, Kyrgyzstan seems to go backward to the past. The political power became more centralized and economic stagnation became more obvious. The uprising in 2010 once again caught the global attention. Why did this small country confront with two political power shifts in a such short time? Obviously, Bakiyev repeated the mistakes that were done by Akayev.

    The thesis aims at examining the pros and the cons of the reforms in Kyrgyzstan and to explore the factors which gave rise to power shift. Furthermore, it also explains why the reforms in Kyrgyzstan did not bring positive results and significant benefits. The research leads to the conclusion that despite ethnic conflicts, political interference, anti-power activities, anti-corruption campaigns; the internal instability within the country was result of the slack in the economy.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of Russian & Slavic Studies] Thesis

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