Their relationship was originated in its history, because Finland and Russia are in the neighborhood. In the period of the Soviet Union, even though Finland was independent from Russia in 1917, the Soviet Union used the strong power of military to control Finland. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, in order to connect the relation, Russia and Finland focus on equal cooperation. From Finland’s standpoint, it values the cooperation with Russia due to the aspects of history and geography, so Finland depends on cooperation with Russia.
The thesis is an analysis of trade, investment and economic and trade cooperation between Russia and Finland, and the objective of the study analyzes what the bilateral economic and trade relations are. By means of the study, this study reached the following main points. First of all, analyzing Russia and Finland’s relations when it started by the histories of them. Because of the Soviet Union’s strong influence of politic and military, Finland had the neutral policies toward it during the period of Soviet Union. However, after the collapse of USSR, their relationship was distinct from the time during Soviet period. Second, discussing the trade between Russia and Finland, and analyzing their trade of the outcome, the goods and structure of export and import. There are two stages of their bilateral trade, and the timing can be viewed as the collapse of Soviet Union, and Finland was a member of EU in 1995. Thus, the aim of their trade are analyzed what the characteristics of bilateral trade are, and to compare and conclude them from two stages. Third, discussing outcome and industry of investment between Russia and Finland. Like their bilateral trade, Finland depends on investing to Russia as well. Many Finland’s enterprises invest heavily to Russia. On the other hand, Russia just invests energy enterprises with Finland. There are some problems between their investments. Therefore, another point is discussed what the obstacles between their investment. Finally, by promoting their relations, the bilateral economic and trade cooperation is the important way for Russia and Finland. Their economic and trade cooperation is quite different from their trade and investment, so it meant energy, technology, tourism and transit traffic cooperation between Russia and Finland. Despite the trade, investment and economies and trade relations of Russia and Finland are strengthened the relations for their cooperation, there are some problems between them. The conclusion of thesis as Finland’s policy toward Russia has impact on their bilateral relations. There is an inevitable tendency as their relations, and the future of their economic and trade relations interweave for Finland.