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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/73766

    Title: 大陸配偶「照護式婚姻」家庭衍生問題之探討 : 新北市為例
    Other Titles: The research of cared marriage family of Mainland Spouses : the case study of New Taipei City
    Authors: 吳鈞城;Wu, Chun-Chen
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士在職專班
    Keywords: 大陸配偶;面談機制;婚姻移民;高齡化社會;照護式婚姻家庭;Mainland spouses;interiew system;marriage immigrants;advanced aging society;cared marriage family
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2011-12-28 17:02:01 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 隨著全球化的發展,婚姻移民已是普遍現象,在同文同種的文化及血源下,兩岸的通婚除了「真結婚」外、一直存在「假結婚真賣淫」、「國家安全」、「人口販賣」等議題,殊不知婚姻移民過程中所可能涉及相關基本權之保障範圍相當廣泛,除了現行移民署的面談機制外,,仍必須考量人權、家庭、個人等觀點,截至100年4月止以結婚名義來台之大陸配偶已逾28萬人,而與65歲以上高齡配偶結婚者共計約3萬餘人,這3萬餘人的婚姻,可稱為「照護式婚姻」。
    The marriage immigrants are common as the whole world is under globalization. Both Mainland China and Taiwan came form the same culture and same race, the intermarriages between two shores are always exists the topics with "faking marriage but prostitution", " national security" and "Human Trafficking" and etc. Actually, the human rights what brought from marriage immigrants are extensive then we though, except the current interview consulting system at National Immigration Agency, we still need to consider the human rights, family, individual point and etc. Until April 2011, the Mainland spouses who came to Taiwan by marriage immigrant are over 280,000 people and over 30,000 married with the people who are 65 year old, it is what we called the cared marriage.
    Those Mainland spouses don''t have any relationship with senior Taiwanese spouses who they are married to even they come to Taiwan as a marriage immigrant. They take care of those senior spouses and both parties are satisfied with such "married spouse relationship",its social derived problems have already become one of government''s important administrative subjects.
    This research adopts the qualitative methodology, by literature discussion and interviewing to study the topic. The literature discussion is to support the theory of my research and used its concepts as the guideline to interview 10 couples who are over 65 years old, lived in New Taipei City and married with China spouses. The purposes of the interview are to understand what''s the motive of the China spouse to marry with Taiwanese spouses, their expectancy of the marriage, the adaption after living together, the economy condition, the cared activity for the senior spouses in order to find out the character and the social problems what occurred from the cared marriage family of Mainland spouses.
    The findings and recommendations of this research:
    First, the senior spouses who like to get marry in China are those people who have no family accompanied and the Mainland spouses are those people want to improve their families economy as well. From the research, it tells us the aging is not the issue to influence China spouse to marry to Taiwan''s spouses but the interview system will be the most concern to them.
    Second, the Mainland spouses are adapted well in general life as the culture and language are the similar with each other. To play as a nursing role in the family, they are almost having the "feedback" in their minds but the interaction between families, they are treated as a poor exterior and the legacy is the topic that can''t be touched in the family and also, to get the ID card of Republic of China smoothly seems is their final purpose.
    Third, the cared marriage family has risk on morals and ethics to our society. For example, it will decline the population, increase society bear, the nursing role of the China spouses become important in the future and they will become the cared people for next generation. And the most important part will be the national security and society issues what have been raised for the past years and it all need our government to pay more attention on it.
    This research proposes the government to start the improvement from several aspects: revising the statute to establish the citizen''s status of the immigrants,to strength the support force from the society,to establish looking after system in the family and enhancing its policy, revising the society benefits policy, to fulfill the long term looking after policy and considering the national security deeply in order to improve and solve the problems what derived from the cared marriage family of Mainland spouses.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of China Studies] Thesis

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