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    Title: 開放陸資來臺投資政策之研究
    Other Titles: Research on the policy of allowing mainland Chinese investors to invest in Taiwan
    Authors: 崔富強;Tsui, Fu Chiang
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士在職專班
    潘錫堂;龔春生;Pan, His-Tang;Kon, Michael
    Keywords: 兩岸經貿;兩岸協議;開放陸資;陸資來台;投資協議;大陸政策;cross-strait negotiations;cross-strait agreement;cross-strait investment;mainland policy
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2011-12-28 17:01:59 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 1980年代末期,我國政府開放人民赴大陸探親,兩岸開始談判,兩岸關係開始快速的發展,但由於長久以來,台灣資金、技術及人員等資源向大陸單向傾斜流動現象,不僅造成台灣資金大量外流,也讓兩岸產業資源之配置及流通受阻。馬英九總統就任後,江陳會談達成共同推動陸資來台投資的共識,鬆綁陸資來台從事事業投資之限制,6月30日開始受理陸資企業來台投資案件,為兩岸經貿關係正常化樹立新的里程碑。
    從積極面來評估及規劃開放陸資來台投資相關政策,可以瞭解到開放陸資來台的複雜性與敏感性,在陸資來台政策的推動及執行上,我方政府是採取審慎、穩健的做法,秉持「先緊後鬆、循序漸進、先有成果、再行擴大」的原則,讓開放陸資來台投資政策能夠在穩固基礎上,產生預期的效益,惟開放陸資來台投資政策涉及兩岸雙方的政策及法令規定,要獲致具體的效果,尚需雙方的相互配合。2009年6月底通過「大陸地區人民來台投資許可辦法」以來,根據已公布數據,雖陸續有資金進入,但規模與速度卻有待加強。無論就金額及件數,陸資來台投資仍有很大的成長空間,主要因素仍在於相對限制較多。
    本文研究認為,開放陸資來台後,雖有政策面支持,但第一階段開放項目少,陸企獲利空間受限,且對台灣相關法令不熟悉,使得投資腳步停滯不前,而台灣對於陸資關卡較多且細部規定不夠明確,因此,陸企以觀望成分居多,真正付諸行動的卻很少。未來台灣若能善用ECFA所帶來的商機,對於吸引陸資來台將有正面效益,同時,參酌陸資來台開放情況以及國內相關研究,慎重考量陸資在台灣中長期的經建計畫的角色,再據以擴大可投資業別。政府若能持續因應國內情況,採取當前階段性最佳開放陸資來台投資的方式,將可使台灣能夠將陸資來台投資,轉化為台灣經濟發展的正面動力,並提高僑外資來台灣投資的誘因,藉由吸引對外投資達到促進台灣經濟成長的目的。
    In the late 1980’s, our government lifted ban on the restrictions for people to visit their relatives in mainland China. The both sides of the Straits started to negotiate and the relationship improved fast. As a result; however, Taiwan’s resources, such as fund, technology, and personnel flowed to mainland China in one way, which not only caused massive fund loss but industry circulation and disposition blocks. After President Ma took office in 2007, Chiang-Chen Talks have reached many agreements on joint promotion for investments in Taiwan, deregulation of the related laws on investments from mainland China. Taiwan started to accept the investment applications from mainland China on June, 30 2011, which set up a milestone on economic relationship normalization between the Straits.
    Though evaluating and planning in a positive way for the relevant policies on openness of investments from mainland China, our government acknowledged complexity and sensitiveness of the issue. We took cautious and stable measures based on the principle of ‘tight then loose, move then achieve, and expand performance’ so that the policy developed on a steady base and produce substantial performance eventually. The open policy involves in policies and regulations of the both sides and need mutual cooperation for substantial effects. According to statistics announced, the investments from mainland China flowed into Taiwan continually yet with small amounts of money in slow speed since” The permission of the Mainland Area people invest to Taiwan” has been passed in June, 2011. Much has left to be desired no matter the amount of money and applications as far as the mainland China investments are concerned, which mainly resulted in the investment restrictions relatively.
    This study believes that the investment items at the first stage were so few that benefits are limited for the mainland China investors even with support of the Taiwan government’s open policy. Furthermore, the investors hesitated and kept an eye on without taking any actions to invest in face of those unfamiliar, complicated and unclear laws and regulations in Taiwan. If Taiwan can make good use of the opportunities ECFA brings, the positive effects on attraction of mainland China investments will be created in the future. At the same time, we need to mull the roles of those investments play for Taiwan’s economic construction in the medium and long-term and expansion of investments industries referring to the results of the open policy. If our government continues to adopt the best practices on mainland China investment policy for the time being in accordance to domestic situation, we may transfer mainland China investments to positive energy for Taiwan’s economic development, create incentives for foreign investments and explore opportunities in other countries so as to achieve the goal of promotion of Taiwan’s economic growth.
    Appears in Collections:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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