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    Title: 中國大陸「大學生村官」制度與問題之研究
    Other Titles: The thesis on the system and problem of university graduate as informal village-official in Mainland China
    Authors: 鄧立勇;Teng, Li-Yung
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士在職專班
    潘錫堂;龔春生;Pan, His-Ting;Gong, Chun-Sheng
    Keywords: 村幹部;大學生村官;新農村建設;大學生就業;Village Cadres;Students Village Official;New Rural Reconstruction;University Students’Employment.
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2011-12-28 17:01:56 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 中國大陸從2008年金融海嘯以後,中共就擴大鼓勵當屆的應屆大學生們,不一定要進入想像中的外商或是工廠去工作,可以下鄉去擔任「村官」,「村官」並不是真正的官,是俗稱的「村幹部」,是指在村民或居民自治組織推選出來的管理者,而「大學生村官」的工作是擔任這些管理者的助理。
    中共為解決農村幹部隊伍整體素質低落,年齡老化缺乏活力,教育文化程度差村集體實力減弱,「村幹部」人心不齊長期的權力衝突,阻礙基層組織工作發展,影響中共永續執政基礎之穩固。加大對「三農」工作的領導力度,改善農村經濟社會秩序,穩定農村生產發展,填補農村科技人才資源短缺,提高農村生活面貌,鞏固中共在農村的領導地位。對中國大陸近年來高校擴招,大學生就業形勢日益嚴峻,拓寬大學生的就業管道,緩解城市的就業壓力及城鄉人才輸送平衡,導正大學生擇業觀念與服務社會人民的價值觀,勇於接受挑戰鍛鍊成才。
    當中國大陸政府透過制度化手段,增強基層組織的實踐經驗,為農村和基層有計劃的招募、培育地方年輕的「大學生村官」時,我們也期望日後透過研究類似的制度,能強化國內公務機關公務員的基層實踐經驗,培養恤民情、知民意、懂民心的官員,及引導年輕人(尤其是大學生等知識份子)深入基層鍛鍊成長,培養服務社會人民的情操與價值觀。對於本論文未能充分研討的部份,如國內採行類似制度的規劃、設計,都有待日後另以專文探討。
    本研究係國內目前唯一以中國大陸「大學生村官」制度為研究對象的論文,具有「拋磚引玉」之效,期盼能對日後有志研究者提供參考。
    After Financial Tsunami experienced by mainland China in 2008, CCP expanded and encougraged the students to be graduated in the year to assume “Village Official” instead of working for foreign company as imagination or working at factory, but “Village Official” was not a real officer but was the so called “Village Cadres”, which means the managerial person elected by village residents or by autonomy organization, the job of “Village Cadres” is to act as the assistant for these managerial persons.
    In order to solve overall low quality of rural cadres and lack of vitality caused by aging, and poor level of educational and cultural extent , weakening of village collective strength, and the long term conflict in power caused by away from “Village Cadres” which had obstructed the task development in the grassroots organization and further influenced on CCP solid sustainable governance, CCP has therefore strengthened and enhanced “Three Rural” leading effort on task so as to improve rural economic and social order and to stablize the rural production development to fill the shortage of rural science and technology talent resources, and further to enhance the rual aspect of life and to strengthen the CPC’s leadship in rual areas. Universities are getting expanded during recent years in mainland China that have caused the
    employment of students getting hard and difficult, in order to expand the employment channels for students and to ease the pressure on urban employment and balance on rural talents transmission, to correct the employment concepts for students and the value concepts on serving society and people to be brave to accept challenge and discipline.
    When the government of mainland China strengthens the grassroots organization by way of systematic means and planned recruitment for their implemented experience as as to train the local young “Student Village Official”, we also expect to study the simiar system in the future to strengthen the implementation experience for domestic officers to train their understanding on public opinion and thought and to guide the young people (especially on intellectuals such as university students) to deepen into grassroots for their discipline and growth and further to train their sentiment and value concepts to serve social people. As to the part not studied in details in this thesis., such as plaining, design on domestic similar system, that will be discussed in the furture by other articles.
    The study is the only one thesis aimed to the system of “Students Village Official” in mainland China, which has the “Initiate Effect” , and look forward to provide a reference to those who have interesting to study.
    Appears in Collections:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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