Corruption such as embezzlement and bribery has always been an old, big and difficult problem in the human society-an age-old and deep-rooted issue. A general review of the past shows that since the Communist Party of China (CPC) established its regime in mainland China in 1949, all of its top government officials have known it very well that the corruption issue has actually endangered its communist authoritarian government. How is the CPC to strike a balance between combating corruption and maintaining its regime?
In July 2009, after careful deployment by Bo Xi-lai, Party Secretary of Chongqing City, and Wang Li-jun, Director of the Chongqing Public Security Bureau, the CPC started the most powerful, the most extensive and the highest-level anti-crime campaign ever in China’s history. That also meant fighting against corruption at the same time. However, for Chinese Communists, that was not only a time of opportunities but also a time of challenges. Much of the attention of the people living on both sides of the Taiwan Strait was drawn to the fact that the CPC was facing the corruption issue squarely.
This study aims to firstly analyze the origin, history and background of the corruption problem existing in the CPC and find out the factors contributing to its formation. Secondly, this study summarizes and looks into the CPC’s viewpoints on corruption and the thinking behind CPC’s efforts to solve the corruption problem. Finally, analyzing the anti-corruption policies at various stages of the CPC’s regime, from its establishment, through its reformation and opening up, up to the present time as well as exploring the strategy employed and the direction taken in each period and the developing processes and the effects of implementation of the policies are also topics dealt with in this study.
By making use of the governmental documents, academic journals, scholars’ monographs, newspapers, magazines and online information of both China and Taiwan, this study discusses and analyzes the positive benefits and negative impacts brought about by the anti-crime campaign in Chongqing conducted by Bo Xi-lai, Party Secretary of Chongqing. Finally, in response to the current corruption problem in the CPC, the author draws personal conclusions from his research and puts forward proposals for the China government to reform its anti-corruption policies.