The development of China’s Taiwan policy has been characteristically consistent, persistent, and continuous. From China’s first-generation leader, Mao Zedong, to the fourth-generation leader, Hu Jintao, the primary principle of “One-China” in Taiwan Policy has not altered. The method, on the other hand, is slightly adjusted throughout in response to diversity in leadership, as well as time and almosphere; hence, different guidelines, i.e. “One Country, Two Systems”, “Jiang Zemin’s Eight-point Proposal”, and “Hu Jintao’s Six-point Proposal”, arose, representative of each genera-tion.
After the “Two States Theory”, “One Country on Each Side”, and with Taiwan having been through two alternations of political parties in power, China and Taiwan resumed negotiation on the basis of the “1992 Consensus” and the common agreement to “shelved controversies”, and estab-lished several cross-strait agreements, including “Three Links”. President of the People’s Republic of China, Hu Jintao, after six months of interaction and observation, offered “Hu Jintao’s Six-point Proposal” on December 31st, 2008, in a ceremony commemorating the 30th anniversary of the an-nouncement of “Message to Compatriots in Taiwan”. This is one of the three important documents of China’s Taiwan Policy, following “Message to Compatriots in Taiwan” in 1979, and “Jiang Ze-min’s Eight-point Proposal” in 1995.
Unlike its predecessors, even though the six-point proposal is still criticized by minorities, it is highly praised by most, as it brings forth a new era of cross-strait peaceful development. A peaceful development is a trend undeniable to individuals of any ideology from both sides of Taiwan Strait. From this point of view, “Hu Jintao’s Six-point Proposal” not only functions as a guideline of Chi-na’s Taiwan policy, but it is also a guiding document serving the interests of cross-strait relations and benefits. With such a rare ambience and a now-or-never chance standing in front of them, the high authorities in China under the leadership of Hu Jintao must already possess a complete concept and direction as to how to accumulate mutual political trust by “seeking common ground while reserving discrepancies”, and to build up the framework for a “Peace Agreement”.
The study suggests that, following the cross-strait economic and trade cooperation, China will actively initiate political negotiations and the signing of “Peace Agreement”, inducing Taiwan to-wards unification. Nonetheless, mutual trust is still insufficient and percarious. Only if the authori-ties of China can truthfully recognize that the “Republic of China” still exists, and re-examine the actual meaning of “One China Principle”, can the two sides communicate with each other in view of current reality on equal standpoints, establishing a new juncture through which peaceful devel-opment can come true.