In the early stages of reform, China is basically an idle agricultural country due to the shortage of resources and population expansion. During the development process of industrialization, millions of peasants become the floating population in China. Most of them come from impoverished poor rural areas in the Midwest. In the from process of moving from rural to urban areas,not only the surplus labor could be transfered into the groups of production,meanwhile the peasants could accumulate savings or improve their inland Family''s poor living environment through their wages. However, the large-scale migration of population has accelerated the speed of urbanization in China, which brought the issue to another level. Due to the economic development in China and through the transfer of surplus rural labor force into the city by going for various construction projects planned by government, migrant workers play an extremely important role in economic development is and also increase a powerful competitiveness for mainland China.
China''s household registration system is essentially a system of discrimination by claiming the political, economic or cultural status of a group is superior to another one, so that the latter one is subjected to some unfair treatments and the rights of the group members are being infringed. China takes much attention to racial harmony far more then to peasants. Peasants and farmers'' rights and social stratification have been categorized to the sub-culture class in this discriminatory system of arrangement. The structure of society has become marginalized and the urban-rural dual structure. A huge gap between urban and rural development has become a long-term and obvious issue in this unbalanced development in China. Household registration system resulted in the existence of social hierarchy and affected social fairness, employment, education, health, housing, welfare, social security and even some of the goods supply, etc. All of these institutionalized treatments results in an unequal discrimination in Today''s China.
Social chaos is a major threat to the communist regime, and how to control the movement of population t effectively and to slow down the transmission of information are the key points to stabilize the Chinese Communist regime. Therefore CPC could only take passive stopgap measures for the problems of migrant workers and maintain the basic rights of migrant workers and transactional reforms under the premise of not to change the current system. If the CPC hastily repeals the current household registration system, it would result in a directly decisive impact on the Chinese Communist regime. That is why the Chinese authorities will not try to change the current status since the CPC is now in the primary stage of socialism and the economic development is the mail goals which can not be easily abandoned. Thus, the household registration system has not been discussed in this year''s two meetings. The problem could be possible fully solved until the construction levels meet the standards of developing countries, while the democratic system is more complete.