|摘要: ||沖縄是在第二次大戰時，唯一被美軍登陸的日本領土，自1945 年至1972 年間，受美國管制。日本雖擁有沖縄的主權，但行政權屬於美國。第二次大戰後，日本放棄台灣的統治權，中華民國政府因內戰情勢變為不利，於是將中央政府遷至台灣。到今，台灣便成為民國政府|
Following the United States military invaded Okinawa in 1945, Okinawa had been governed by US until 1972.
As a result of the defeat in World War II, Japan abandoned its sovereignty over Taiwan.
KMT’s ROC government which was defeated by Communist lost control of mainland China and,subsequently, withdrew into Taiwan and started its rule over the island. Taiwan, which was used to be a main supply base of pineapples for Japan, was replaced by Okinawa, to where Taiwanese workers for pineapple farming were started to introduce in 1963.
In Okinawa, pineapples were produced in Yaeyama and north of Okinawa main island, where canned pineapple factories were built one after another. As the industry grew to be the key industry of the area, the factories needed large numbers of workers. Since not enough labor was available to fill the necessity only in the area, Okinawa started to introduce female workers called ‘joko’ from Taiwan where pineapple industry was more developed than Okinawa. Many Taiwanese had worked in the factories during the cropping seasons every year until 1971, one year before when Okinawa was returned to Japan.
Previous studies include those which trying to explain the labor migration phenomenon by push-pull theory from sugar cane industry or Taiwanese government’s point of view, and analysis of the female workers depicted on the literary work. No study, however, has focused on the actual life and work of the female workers.
This thesis studies process and factors of the labor migration between Taiwan and Okinawa during 1960’s. The materials used here include official documents, articles and so forth then, and life history of female workers obtained by author’s interviews.