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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/73668

    Title: 雷根政府「戰略防禦計畫」與美蘇關係
    Other Titles: The strategic defense initiative of the Reagan administration and the U.S.-Soviet relations
    Authors: 方緒雄;Fang, Hsu-Hsiung
    Contributors: 淡江大學美洲研究所博士班
    Keywords: 洲際彈道飛彈;彈道飛彈防禦;戰略防禦計畫;軍備控制;反彈道飛彈條約;相互保證毀滅;雷根主義;ICBM;Ballistic Missile Defense;Strategic Defense Initiative;Arms Control;ABM Treaty;Mutual Assured Deterrence;Reagan Doctrine
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2011-12-28 16:23:31 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 1983年3月23日雷根總統提出著名之「戰略防禦計畫」演說,呼籲美國科學界應立即將自身偉大才能轉移到確保人類與世界和平上,讓美國有能力使核武變成「無效」及「過時」。雷根於演說中所勾勒之飛彈防禦系統遠景,與歷屆美國政府相比,可謂「空前絕後」,引發美國國內第二次針對飛彈防禦展開大辯論。
    On March 23, 1983, President Ronald Reagan made his famous speech on the “Strategic Defense Initiative.” In the speech, President Reagan called for the U.S. scientific community to turn their great talents to give the U.S. means of rendering these nuclear weapons impotent and obsolete. The missile defense vision described by President Reagan was unprecedented, and therefore induced a great debate within the U.S. on this issue.
    The most important factors of President Reagan’s decision to push forward the “Strategic Defense Initiative” was President Reagan’s own conviction on the need for the U.S. to possess missile defense capability, and President Reagan did not agree with the nuclear deterrence doctrine of “Mutual Assured Destruction.” President Reagan believed that the U.S. should rebuild its overall military strength to compete with the Soviet Union. However, during the first two years of Reagan Administration, the focus of the rebuilding military task was on conventional forces and strategic nuclear arms. Until the MX missile deployment plan was blocked by the U.S. Congress, Reagan Administration began to push forward the “Strategic Defense Initiative.”
    The preparation of President Reagan’s “Strategic Defense Initiative” was conducted secretly by the NSC and specific White House officials with the authorization from President Reagan. And the main purpose of this policy was to exploit U.S. technological and economical advantages to pressure Soviet Union as well as to improve U.S. position on arms control negotiations with Soviet Union. Although key national security officials like Schultz and Weinberger did not know much about President Reagan’s decision to propose the “Strategic Defense Initiative” On March 23, 1983, both of them faithfully obeyed President Reagan’s decision afterward.
    President Reagan insisted that the “Strategic Defense Initiative” is not a bargain chip of the U.S.-Soviet negotiations, a “arms reduction” is more meaningful than “arms limitation,” and he believed that the U.S. “Cold War” strategy should be “victory” not “containment” demonstrate the uniqueness of his leadership and diplomatic thinking. That is the main reason why it was called by many as the “Reagan Doctrine”, and many people give the credit of “ending the Cold War” and “the demise of Soviet Union” to him.
    Appears in Collections:[美洲研究所] 學位論文

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